Report Card Brasil: revisão sistemática sobre avaliação da força muscular em crianças e adolescentes no Brasil

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-0037.2021v23e80292

Resumo

O estudo teve como objetivo identificar e sumarizar evidências referentes à avaliação dos níveis de força muscular (FM) em crianças e adolescentes escolares (≤ 19 anos) no Brasil, com o intuito de atualizar as evidências publicadas anteriormente pelo projeto Report Card Brazil. A busca sistemática das informações foi conduzida em sete bases de dados, restrita aos estudos publicados durante o período de Janeiro de 2018 a Dezembro de 2019. Treze estudos foram incluídos, o que reuniu informações de 10.135 crianças e adolescentes de sete estados brasileiros. Diferentes testes/protocolos para avaliar a FM foram identificados, contudo, a força de preensão manual foi o teste mais empregado pelos estudos (53,8%). A prevalência de crianças e adolescentes que apresentavam níveis de FM considerados saudáveis foi de 29,8% considerando a totalidade de informações, e 27,6% para os meninos e 31,8% para as meninas. Considerando a totalidade de dados revisados pelo projeto Report Card Brazil (informações analisadas neste estudo em adição aos anteriormente publicados), o corpo de informações referente a avaliação dos níveis de FM em crianças e adolescentes no Brasil foram advindas de pesquisas conduzidas durante o período de 2010 a 2019, o que reuniu amostra de 15.208 crianças e adolescentes (sete a 19 anos). De acordo com estas informações, a prevalência de crianças e adolescentes que apresentavam níveis de FM considerados saudáveis nesse período foi de 57,8%, sendo que no sexo masculino foi de 61,1% e no sexo feminino de 58,8%.

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2021-12-08

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Artigos de Revisão