Feeding ecology of Ara ararauna (Aves, Psittacidae) at firebreaks in western Cerrado, Brazil

Dárius Pukenis Tubelis

Resumo


This study aimed to identify food items of the Blue-and-yellow Macaw (Ara ararauna) flocks foraging at firebreaks in western Cerrado, Brazil. Also, I discuss ecological aspects of macaw feeding activities at firebreaks. Two 3,500ha portions of Emas National Park were selected for observations. The sites were mosaics of woodland savanna and shrubby grassland, crossed and bordered by firebreaks and adjacent unsealed roads. A total of 76 foraging flocks of macaws were recorded at firebreaks between September 2006 and February 2007. Seven plant species were identified as food items. Seeds of a shrub species (Anacardium humile) were the most often consumed resource. Parts of other plant species were sometimes consumed. Macaws perched in tree canopies to consume their young apical parts, young leaves, flowers and parts of branches. The frequency of consumption of parts of shrubs was significantly higher than that of trees. At Emas National Park, numerous Blue-and-yellow Macaw flocks are attracted to firebreaks mainly by fruiting A. humile patches. Their foraging activities often damage reproductive and young parts of shrubs and trees.


Palavras-chave


Anacardium humile; Bird; Diet; Fire ecology; Savanna

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2009v22n2p105

Direitos autorais 2011 Dárius Pukenis Tubelis

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Biotemas. UFSC, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil, eISSN 2175-7925

Licença Creative Commons
Este periódico está licenciado conforme Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.