Leaf anatomy, ultrastructure and plasticity of Coffea arabica L. in response to light and nitrogen availability

Marcelo Francisco Pompelli, Gilmara Martini Pompelli, Elaine Cristina Cabrini, Marília Contin Ventrella

Resumo


Phenotypic plasticity in response to environmental variation occurs at all organizational levels and across temporal scales within plants. However, the magnitude and functional significance of this plasticity is little explored in perennial species. We examined the influence of different light regimes and nitrogen (N) availability on the morphological and physiological plasticity of coffee seedlings (Coffea arabica L.). Potted plants were grown under 100% and 50% of full sunlight and were fertilized with Hoagland’s solutions containing 0, 16 or 23mM N. Most leaf traits responded to light with a classic 100% vs. 50% dichotomy [e.g., compared with those grown under 100% of full sunlight, 50% leaves had a thinner palisade mesophyll and a lower leaf mass per area (LMA) for improved light capture]. The outer periclinal cell walls in both epidermises exhibited thick epicuticular wax and three distinct layers. Chloroplasts of the mesophyll cells were densely occupied by thylakoids and starch grains. These characteristics were observed most clearly in plants supplemented by nitrogen or in those grown in shade conditions. Large starch granules were observed, but no membrane injuries were observed in either treatment. The plasticity index was high for the physiological traits that are associated with photoprotection and the maintenance of a positive carbon balance under 50% of full sunlight but was low for most morpho-anatomical features.




Palavras-chave


Antioxidant enzymes; Coffee; Plasticity index; Xanthophyll cycle

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2012v25n4p13

Direitos autorais 2012 Marcelo Francisco Pompelli, Gilmara Martini Pompelli, Elaine Cristina Cabrini, Emilia Cristina Arruda, Marília Contin Ventrella, Fábio Murilo DaMatta

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Biotemas. UFSC, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil, eISSN 2175-7925

Licença Creative Commons
Este periódico está licenciado conforme Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.