O papel da cooperação China na transformação estrutural do sul global

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2177-5230.2020v35n77p451

Palavras-chave:

Cooperação Sul-Sul, Potências emergentes, China, Sul global, Nova economia estrutural

Resumo

Até agora, no século XXI, o regime internacional de ajuda e cooperação ao desenvolvimento tem visto um aumento nas iniciativas realizadas por diferentes potências emergentes e países em desenvolvimento, concentrando-se cada vez mais na China, cuja forma peculiar de cooperação parece guiar a transformação estrutural do Sul global. Portanto, para discutir essas questões, este artigo analisa e debate a literatura que discute o “modelo” de cooperação Sul-Sul chinesa, explorando suas características e as peculiares relações entre a China e os países em desenvolvimento, em face da crise. do regime tradicional de cooperação.

Biografia do Autor

Javier Alberto Vadell, PUC Minas

Programa de RI da PUC Minas

Giuseppe Lo Brutto, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) - México

Es Doctor en Economía Política del Desarrollo por la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) y profesor-investigador titular del Posgrado en Sociología del Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades “Alfonso Vélez Pliego” (ICSyH), de la BUAP. Tiene estudios de maestría en España (Universidad de Murcia) y de licenciaturas en Italia (Università degli Studi di Milano y Università degli Studi di Palermo).

Alexandre Cesar Leite, UEPB - PUC Minas

Atualmente é Professor Doutor Adjunto-DE do curso de Relações Internacionais da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB e Docente Permanente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais da UEPB. Coordenador do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais (2014-2016) e (2016-2018). Docente Permanente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Gestão Pública e Cooperação Internacional (UFPB). 

Eduardo Crivelli, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) - México

Profesor Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) - México

Referências

AKAMATSU, K. (1962):"A historical pattern of economic growth in developing countries". Journal of Developing Economies, V. 1, N. 1, p. 3-25.

AMIN, S. “From Bandung (1955) to 2015: Old and New Challenges for the States, the Nations and the Peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America”. International Critical Thought, V. 5 N. 4, p. 453–460. 2015.

ASSIE-LUMUMBA, N’D. T. “Behind and beyond Bandung: historical and forward-looking reflections on south-south cooperation. Bandung: Journal of the Global South, V.2, N.11, p. 1-10, 2015.

ASIAN-AFRICAN-CONFERENCE. Final Communiqué of the Asian-African conference of Bandung. 1955.

AYLLÓN, B. "La conferencia Afroasiática de Bandung: hito de las relaciones Sur-Sur". Boletim Mundorama. 2015.

BERGAMASCHI, I. Y DURAN, J. "Conclusion: South–South Cooperation Experiences Compared and the Way Forward". In BERGAMASCHI, I., MOORE, P. y TICKNER, A. B. (eds.). South-South Cooperation Beyond the Myths. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p 301-324.

BLYTH, M. Austerity: the history of a dangerous idea. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2013.

BRAUTIGAM, D. Will Africa Feed China? New York: Oxford University Press. 2015.

CHIN, G. T. "The BRICS-led Development Bank: Purpose and Politics beyond the G20." Global Policy, V.5, N.3, p. 366-373. 2014.

CHINA. China’s Policy Paper on Latin America and the Caribbean. State Council The People's Republic of China. 2008.

CHINA. China’s Policy Paper on Latin America and the Caribbean. State Council The People's Republic of China. 2016.

CHINA-SCPRC. White Paper China’s Foreign Aid. State Council The People's Republic of China. 2011.

CHINA-SCPRC. White Paper China’s Foreign Aid. State Council The People's Republic of China . 2014.

CRIVELLI, E. y LO BRUTTO G."La cooperación de China en América Latina: ¿hacia una Nueva Economía Estructural?" Carta Internacional, V. 13. N. 2. p. 123-146. 2018.

COOPER, A. F. Niche diplomacy: middle powers after the Cold War, Studies in diplomacy. New York: Macmillan. 1997.

COOPER, A. F. y HIGGOTT, R. A. "Middle power leadership and coalition building : the Cairns Group and the Uruguay Round, March 1990", Working paper. Canberra: Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. 1990.

COOPER, A. F., HIGGOTT, R. A., y NOSSAL, K. R. Relocating middle powers : Australia and Canada in a changing world order, Canada and international relations. Vancouver: UBC Press. 1993.

DE RENZIO, P. y SEIFERT, J. "South–South cooperation and the future of development assistance: mapping actors and options". Third World Quarterly, N. 35, V.10, p. 1860-1875, 2014.

DOMÍNGUEZ, R. "La Crisis de Identidad del sistema de ayuda". Fundación Carolina. 2011.

DOMÍNGUEZ, R. "En los pliegues de la historia: Cooperación Sur-Sur y procesos de integración en América Latina y el Caribe" Estudos Internacionais, V. 4, N. 2, p. 57-77. 2016.

DOMÍNGUEZ, R. "China y la construcción de un régimen internacional de Cooperación Sur-Sur". Carta Internacional, V. 13, N. 1, p. 38-72, 2018.

DOMÍNGUEZ, D. "La constelación del Sur: la cooperación Sur-Sur, en el cuarenta aniversario del Plan de Acción de Buenos Aires". In DOMÍNGUEZ, R. , LO BRUTTO, G. y SURASKY, J. (ed.) (2019). La Constelacion del Sur, lecturas Historico-Criticas de la Cooperacion Sur-Sur. Mexico: BUAP-UC, 2019, p. 13-131.

DOMÍNGUEZ, R. , LO BRUTTO, G. y SURASKY, J. (ed.) (2019). La Constelacion del Sur, lecturas Historico-Criticas de la Cooperacion Sur-Sur. Mexico: BUAP-UC, 2019.

DUMÉNIL, G. y LÉVY, D. A Crise do Neoliberalismo. São Paulo: Boitempo.2014

ESTEVES, P. y ASSUNÇÃO, M. "South-South Cooperation and the International development battlefield: between the OECD and the UN." Third World Quarterly, V. 35, N. 10, p. 775-1790, 2014.

GIACCAGLIA, C. "Brasil desde la mirada argentina. El activismo internacional brasileño en los ámbitos multilaterales" In BERNAL, R. y BIZZOZERO L. (eds.) La política internacional de Brasil: de la región al mundo. Montevideo: Cruz del Sur. 2014. p. 79-100.

GORE, C. "The New Development Lanscape: Actors, Approaches, Architecture". Journal of International Development, N. 25, p. 769-786, 2013.

HARRIS, R. L. “China ́s Relations with the Latin American and Carribean Countries: A Peaceful Panda Bear instead of a Roaring Dragon.” Latin American Perspectives, V. 42, N. 6, p. 153-190. 2015.

HARRIS, R L., y ARIAS, A. A. "China’s South–South Cooperation with Latin America and the Caribbean." Journal of Developing Societies, V. 32, N. 4, p. 508-556, 2016.

HUELSZ, C. "Middle Power Theories and Emerging Powers in International Political Economy: A Case Study of Brazil." PhD Thesis University of Manchester, 2009.

JORDAAN, E."The concept of a middle power in international relations: distinguishing between emerging and traditional middle power." Politikon, V. 30, N. 2, p. 165-18, 2003.

KOTHARI, U. y MINOGUE, M. Development Theory and Practice: Critical Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001.

LEITE, A. C. C. "O Atual Momento do Desenvolvimento Chinês: planejamento regional, investimento e comércio internacional." In VADELL, J. A. Expansão Econômica e Geopolítica da China, Belo Horizonte: PUC Minas, 2018, p. 259-283.

LI, R. "China Development Report on South-South Cooperation" ecdc.net, 2013. http://www.ecdc.net.cn/doc/sscreport.pdf . 2013. Acceso 15. oct. 2017.

LI, X."The Expansion of China's Global Hegemonic Strategy: Implications for Latin America." Journal of China and International Relations V. 4 (Special Issue), p. 1-26, 2016.

LI, X. "The Rise of Emerging Powers & China and the Enlargement of ‘Room for Maneuver’ and ‘Upward Mobility’". Rising Powers in Global Governance, 2017.

LI, X. "Understanding the Multiple Facets of China’s “One Belt One Road” Initiative." In LI, X. (ed.), Mapping China’s ‘One Belt One Road’ Initiative: London/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019.

LIMA, M. R. S. de. The Political Economy of Brazilian Foreign Policy: Nuclear Energy, Trade and Itaipu. Brasília: FUNAG, 2013.

LIN, J. Y. Nueva Economía Estructural, un marco para reformular el desarrollo. Documento de trabajo sobre investigación de políticas del Banco Mundial, N. 5197, p. 1-39, 2010.

LIN, J. Y. New Structural Economics, A Framework for Rethinking Development and Policy. Washington D.C.: World Bank, 2012.

LIN, J. Y. y WANG. Y. Development Beyond Aid. Project Syndicate. 2017a.

LIN, J. Y. y WANG. Y. Going Beyond Aid. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017b.

LO BRUTTO, G. "A Propósito de la Cooperación Internacional y del Desarrollo." In DOMÍNGUEZ R. y RODRÍGUEZ G. (coords.) Historia de la Cooperación Internacional desde uma perepectiva crítica. Barranquilla: Uniautónoma, 2017, p. 57-79.

LO BRUTTO, G. y GONZÁLEZ C. H."Realidades y desafíos contemporáneos de la cooperación sur-sur en América Latina y el Caribe." Estudos Internacionais, V.4, N. 2, p. 79-92, 2016.

LO BRUTTO, G. y CRIVELLI, E. "Las relaciones de China con América Latina frente al cambio político latinoamericano." In DOMÍNGUEZ, R., LO BRUTTO, G. y SURASKY, J. (coords.). La Constelación del Sur: lectiuras histórico críticas de la cooperación Sur-Sur. México: BUAP-UC. 2019, p. 207-238.

LOPEZ, S. "Chronology and history of south-south cooperation: An IberoAmerican Contribution". Working Document Mastergraf, N. 5, 2014.

MANNING, R. "Will 'emerging Donors'Change the Face of international Co-operation?" Development Policy Review, V. 24, N. 4, p. 371-385, 2006.

MAWDSLEY, E. From recipients to donors: emerging powers and the changing development landscape. London/New York: Zed Books, 2012.

MINILLO, X. K. P. y ADAD, B. "O Regime Internacional de Cooperação Sul-Sul: Invisibilização Institucional e Teórica." 5º Encontro Nacional Associação Brasileira de Relações Internacionais, 2015.

MONIZ, L. A. "As políticas neoliberais e a crise na América do Sul" Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional, V.45, N. 2, p. 35-146, 2002.

MORVARIDI, B. y HUGHES, C. "South–South Cooperation and Neoliberal Hegemony in a Post-aid World." Development and Change, V. 49, N. 3, p. 867-892, 2018.

MOYO, D. "Beijing, a Boom for Africa." New York Times, 27 jun. 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/28/opinion/beijing-a-boon-for-africa.html. Acceso 7 nov. 2017.

NOLTE, D. "How to Compare Regional Powers: Analytical Concepts and Research Topics." ECPR Joint Session Workshops, 2007.

OECD. "Official Development Assistance (ODA), What is ODA?". oecd.org. abr. 2020. http://www.oecd.org/dac/financing-sustainable-development/development-finance-standards/What-is-ODA.pdf. Aceso 25 sep. 2020.

OECD. Infrastructure to 2030: Telecom, Land Transport, Water and Electricity. OCDE Publishing, 2006.

OECD. Infrastructure to 2030 (Vol. 2): Mapping Policy for Electricity, Water and Transport. OCDE Publishing, 2007.

OMC. "Declaración Ministerial". Doah: Ministerial de la OMC. 14 nov. 2001. https://www.wto.org/spanish/thewto_s/minist_s/min01_s/mindecl_s.htm Acceso 25 sep. 2020.

OVERBEEK, H. Globalizing China: A Critical Political Economy Perspective on China’s Rise." In CAFRUNY. A., L. S. TALANI y POZO G. The Palgrave Handbook of Critical International Political Economy. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 309-329.

PNUD. Objetivos del desarrollo del milenio. undps.org. 2020. https://www.undp.org/content/undp/es/home/sdgoverview/mdg_goals.html. Acceso 25 sep. 2020.

POLANYI-LEVITT, K. De la gran transformación a la gran financiarización, sobre Karl Polanyi y otros ensayos. México: FCE.

QIN, Y. "Continuity through Change: Background Knowledge and China’s International Strategy." The Chinese Journal of International Politics, V.7, N. 3. p. 285-314, 2014.

RUBIOLO, F. y VADELL, J. China, América Latina y la ‘diplomacia de las mascarillas’. El País, 29 jun. 2020. http://agendapublica.elpais.com/china-america-latina-y-la-diplomacia-de-las-mascarillas/. Acceso 25 sep. 2020.

SCHULZ, J. S. La Nueva Ruta de la Seda. Universalismo y pluriversalismo para un nuevo orden mundial. Análisis y pensamiento Iberoamericano sobre China. N. 32, p. 24-46. 2019.

SHARMA, P. Evolving Nature of China's South-South Cooperation. Global Issues, 2016.

SHAW, T. M., COOPER, A. F. y ANTKIEWICZ, A. "Global and/or Regional Development at the Start of the 21 Century? China, India and (South) Africa." Third World Quarterly, V. 28, N. 7, p. 1255-1270, 2007.

SOUSA, M. E. de A. y LEITE, A. C. C. "O Dinamismo das Aquisições Transnacionais de Terra: aproximando o fenômeno das Relações Internacionais e da Economia Política Internacional." Estudos Internacionais, V. 5, N. 2, p. 13-33, 2018.

TANG, F. "China’s economic future is being influenced by nine economists, but what did they tell Xi Jinping this week?" South China Morning Post. https://www.scmp.com/economy/china-economy/article/3099294/chinas-economic-future-being-influenced-nine-economists-what. Acceso, 25 sep. 2020.

UN. Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least Development Countries, Harnessing the Positive Contribution of South-South Co-operation for Least Developed Countries’ Development. UNOSSC, 2011.

UNOSSC. Buenos Aires Plan of Action. New York: UN, 1978.

VADELL J. y RAMOS, L. "As sedutoras garras do dragão chinês: Finanças e Bifurcação do Centro da Economia Global". Grupo de Pesquisa sobre Potências Médias, 05 abr. 2015. https://grupoemergentes. wordpress.com/2015/04/05/as-sedutoras-garras-do-dragao-chines-financas-e-bifurcacao-do-centro-da-economia-global/. Acceso. 20 mar. 2016.

VADELL, J., RAMOS, L. y NEVES, P. "The international implications of the Chinese model of development in the Global South: Asian Consensus as a network power" Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional, V. 57 (special issue), p. 91-107, 2014.

WIGGLESWORTH, R. "Infrastructure projects face funding gap". Financial Times, 2012.

WOODS, N. "Whose aid? Whose influence? China, emerging donors and the silent revolution in development assistance". International Affairs, V. 84, N. 6, p. 1205-1221, 2008.

YAN, X. "From Keeping a Low Profile to Striving for Achievement" The Chinese Journal of International Politics, V. 7, N. 2, p. 153-184, 2014.

ZHANG, Q. China’s relations with developing countries: patterns, principles, characteristics, and future challenges. In FREEMAN, C. Handbook of Research on Contemporary China. London: Edward Elgar, 2016, p. 51-70.

Publicado

2020-12-07