O papel da "civilização ecológica" chinesa na nova ordem ambiental internacional: ideias para um mundo pós-COVID

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2177-5230.2020v35n77p504

Palavras-chave:

Sociologia ambiental, Instituições, Normas, Compensações ecológicas

Resumo

A Construção de uma Civilização Ecológica responde à grave crise ambiental na China e está começando a causar mudanças de paradigma na política ambiental doméstica. No decorrer da pandemia da Covid-19, ficou evidente a ambição geopolítica e importância do país como poder normativo em questões da governança global. Utilizando-se a teoria construtivista, analisa-se a atuação de Pequim em instituições, o estabelecimento de normas nacionais e seu potencial para redefinir a ordem ambiental global. Discutem-se a atuação chinesa em organizações internacionais e eco-compensações para indicar possíveis comportamentos futuros do país na definição de agendas ambientais. Concluímos que a China contribui com visões normativas na área ambiental, principalmente nos países do Sul Global.

Biografia do Autor

Niklas Werner Weins, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Doutorando e bolsista FAPESP em Ambiente e Sociedade (NEPAM/IFCH) e LABGEC da UNICAMP.

Leila da Costa Ferreira, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Ambientais (NEPAM)

Rita de Cassia Oliveira Feodrippe, Escola de Guerra Naval: Rio de Janeiro

Mestre em Estudos Marítimos

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2020-12-07