Drogas fluidas: revisitando a antropologia dos fármacos

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-8034.2023.e91717

Palavras-chave:

Fármacos, Eficácia, Regulamentação, Experimentos, Materialidade, Corpos

Resumo

Esta revisa?o aborda um conjunto crescente de trabalhos situados na intersecc?a?o entre a antropologia e os estudos sociais da cie?ncia e tecnologia (CTS) que examinam como as drogas sa?o tornadas eficazes nos laborato?rios, em contextos terape?uticos e na vida cotidiana. Essa literatura ressalta como os interesses comerciais e as preocupac?o?es sociais modelam os tipos de efeitos farmace?uticos que sa?o colocados em pra?tica, e como certas efica?cias sa?o bloqueadas devido a questo?es morais. Os trabalhos reunidos aqui revelam como as instituic?o?es reguladoras e os atores envolvidos nas poli?ticas pu?blicas de sau?de tentam estabilizar as ac?o?es farmace?uticas. Ao mesmo tempo, nas linhas de frente do cuidado, farmace?uticos, trabalhadores da sau?de e usua?rios procuram ajustar as dosagens e as indicac?o?es, buscando adaptar as ac?o?es farmace?uticas a circunsta?ncias especi?ficas. No?s mostramos que na?o existe um objeto (farmace?utico) puro que precede sua socializac?a?o. Os fa?rmacos na?o sa?o “descobertos”; eles sa?o constitui?dos e reproduzidos em relac?a?o a contextos muta?veis. Esta revisa?o delineia cinco a?reas-chave nas pesquisas etnogra?ficas e nos estudos CTS que examinam tais drogas fluidas.

Biografia do Autor

Isabel Santana de Rose, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Antropóloga, brasileira e pesquisadora no campo das religiões ayahuasqueiras há mais de vinte
anos. Sua tese de doutorado, defendida na UFSC em 2010, enfocou a formação de redes xamânicas contemporâneas no Brasil. É coautora do livro “Ayahuasca religions: a blibliography & critical essays” (publicado pela MAPS em 2009) e de sua versão em português “Religiões ayahuasqueiras: um balanço bibliográfico” (publicado pela Mercado de Letras/FAPESP em 2008). É também autora de diversos artigos, publicados em livros e periódicos nacionais e internacionais. Atualmente é pesquisadora no projeto “Healing Encounters: reinventando uma medicina indígena na clínica e além” (ERC/CNRS). Suas principais áreas de interesse incluem antropologia da saúde, antropologia da religião, xamanismo e redes xamânicas contemporâneas, saberes e fazeres tradicionais.

Anita Hardon, Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR)

Atua na área da antropologia da saúde e está engajada em amplos estudos interdisciplinares e multissituados sobre imunização, novas tecnologias reprodutivas, e medicamentos para AIDS. Esses estudos têm gerado importantes insights etnográficos a respeito da apropriação dessas tecnologias em diversos contextos socioculturais, sua eficácia na vida cotidiana, o papel dos movimentos sociais no seu design, e as dinâmicas de cuidado e de elaboração de políticas envolvidas no seu fornecimento.

Emilia Sanabria, Université de Paris, CNRS, CERMES3

Antropóloga franco-colombina que estudou no Reino Unido e atualmente atua no CNRS em Paris, França. Suas pesquisas estão situadas nas interfaces entre a antropologia da saúde, do cuidado e do corpo e os estudos de ciência e tecnologia. Seus trabalhos examinam as relações complexas entre a ciência e a biomedicina ocidental e os conhecimentos indígenas e tradicionais por meio de uma gama de projetos sobre saúde sexual e reprodutiva, nutrição e justiça alimentar e as fronteiras entre drogas e medicamentos. Seu primeiro livro, Plastic Bodies: Sex Hormones and Menstrual Suppression in Brazil (“Corpos plásticos: hormônios sexuais e supressão menstrual no Brasil) foi publicado em 2016 pela Duke University Press. Desde 2017 ela é a pesquisadora principal do projeto “Healing Encounters: reinventando uma medicina indígena na clínica e além” (ERC/CNRS).

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2023-01-19

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ROSE, Isabel Santana de; HARDON, Anita; SANABRIA, Emilia. Drogas fluidas: revisitando a antropologia dos fármacos. Ilha Revista de Antropologia, Florianópolis, v. 25, n. 1, 2023. DOI: 10.5007/2175-8034.2023.e91717. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/ilha/article/view/91717. Acesso em: 3 mar. 2024.

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