Chironomidae habitantes de esponjas de água doce no nordeste do Brasil

Ingrid da Silva Fernandes, Gilberto Nicacio, Gilberto Gonçalves Rodrigues, Fabio Laurindo da Silva

Resumo


A região Neotropical possui uma rica fauna de esponjas de água doce, porém o conhecimento sobre sua taxonomia, bem como sobre as comunidades dentro delas permanece fragmentado. Larvas de Chironomidae (Insecta, Diptera) associadas a esponjas de água doce têm sido amplamente relatadas na literatura, com alguns gêneros que são reconhecidos como contendo espécies exclusivamente dependentes desses organismos. Neste estudo, analisamos a ocorrência de larvas de Chironomidae associadas a esponjas de água doce (Spongillidae) no nordeste do Brasil. As amostras foram coletadas em dois sistemas aquáticos em Pernambuco, no período de fevereiro de 2011 a outubro de 2012. No Rio Sirinhaém, Corvoheteromeyenia australis (Bonetto & Ezcurra de Drago) foi a única esponja coletada, sendo que Polypedilum Kieffer, Goeldichironomus Fittkau, Xenochironomus Kieffer e Cricotopus Van der Wulp foram os Chironomidae registrados como representantes dessa fauna associada. Por outro lado, no tanque de piscicultura, Heteromeyenia cristalina Batista, Volkmer-Ribeiro & Melão, Radiospongilla inesi Nicacio & Pinheiro e Tubella variabilis Boneto & Ezcurra de Drago foram as esponjas coletadas, e Polypedilum, Chironomus Meigen, Dicrotendipes Kieffer e Goeldichironomus foram as larvas associadas a essas espécies de esponjas. Embora apenas espécies pertencentes ao gênero Xenochironomus sejam relatadas em estreita interação com esponjas de água doce, aqui documentamos outros gêneros de Chironomidae também associados a esses organismos. No entanto, é necessária uma investigação mais aprofundada para entender melhor como as larvas de Chironomidae usam esponjas como abrigo e/ou prevenção de predação de forma facultativa. O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a ocorrência de habitantes de Chironomidae de esponjas de água doce em sistemas aquáticos no estado de Pernambuco, a fim de incrementar o conhecimento de Chironomidae habitantes de esponjas no nordeste do Brasil.

 

 


Palavras-chave


Insetos aquáticos; Interação interespecífica; Porifera; Esponjas; Neotropical

Texto completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2019v32n1p39

Direitos autorais 2019 Ingrid da Silva Fernandes, Gilberto Nicacio, Gilberto Gonçalves Rodrigues, Fabio Laurindo da Silva

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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Biotemas. UFSC, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil, eISSN 2175-7925

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Este periódico está licenciado conforme Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.