Efeitos da urbanização nas características do habitat: quais são as respostas dos grupos funcionais de alimentação dos invertebrados aquáticos à alteração do habitat?

Jucimara Andreza Rigotti, Cesar Augusto Pompêo, Alessandra Larissa d'Oliveira Fonseca

Resumo


A urbanização causa muitas alterações nas comunidades aquáticas. Sob ocupação urbana intensa, os rios sofrem as maiores modificações estruturais. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos da urbanização nas características físicas e químicas do habitat e as respostas da urbanização nos grupos funcionais de alimentação (FFG) dos invertebrados. Parâmetros de qualidade da água (temperatura, condutividade, oxigênio dissolvido, pH, fósforo, clorofila-a, turbidez e matéria orgânica) e parâmetros do escoamento foram medidos em áreas pouco e altamente urbanizadas. Os FFG dos macroinvertebrados foram analisados e aplicados como substitutos de atributos do ecossistema. As diferenças na comunidade dos macroinvertebrados entre as áreas pouco e altamente urbanizadas foram avaliadas pelo escalonamento multidimensional não-métrico (nMDS) e pela análise de variância permutacional multivariada (Permanova). No nMDS foram observadas diferenças entre as áreas pouco e altamente urbanizadas. A Permanova mostrou diferença significativa entre os grupos do nMDS. As áreas pouco urbanizadas apresentaram maior riqueza em cada FFG, por outro lado, as áreas altamente urbanizadas apresentaram maiores valores de abundância de organismos coletores e predadores. Assim, a composição dos FFG respondeu às alterações no habitat que foram representadas pelos parâmetros de qualidade da água e do escoamento.


Palavras-chave


Atributos do ecossistema; Macroinvertebrados; Qualidade da água; Rios urbanos

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2019v32n4p29

Direitos autorais 2019 Jucimara Andreza Rigotti, Cesar Augusto Pompêo, Alessandra Larissa d'Oliveira Fonseca

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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Biotemas. UFSC, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil, eISSN 2175-7925

Licença Creative Commons
Este periódico está licenciado conforme Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.