Conteúdo do artigo principal

Billy Bromage
Kirsten Maclean
Marcelo Gobbo
Winnie Cheng
Denisse Cáceres Malig
Nathália Maria Souza da Rocha
Bridgett Willianmson
Michael Rowe


In recent years, the citizenship framework has been refined and expanded by mental health practitioners from around the world who have applied it to their cultural and sociopolitical contexts. One driving factor in the process has been in-person cultural exchanges to observe how citizenship theory is operationalized in practice. Since 2015, Focus Act Connect Every-day (FACE) has welcomed visitors from South America, Asia and Europe to participate in its group meetings and community-building activities in New Haven, Connecticut, USA.  FACE is a collective of people in recovery, mental health practitioners, and other community members that operates outside of the mental health service system and provides mutual support to its members and participates in community-building work in local neighborhoods. Using reflections on their experiences with FACE, the authors discuss how FACE and its unique application of the citizenship framework might pertain to their own contexts. Further, the authors consider the potential for promoting civic engagement and building community power that implementing projects similar to FACE might have, particularly among marginalized groups.

Detalhes do artigo

Como Citar
BROMAGE, .; MACLEAN, .; GOBBO, .; CHENG, .; CÁCERES MALIG, .; SOUZA DA ROCHA, . M.; WILLIANMSON, .; ROWE, . INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES ON A COLLECTIVE APPROACH TO RECOVERY AND CITIZENSHIP. Cadernos Brasileiros de Saúde Mental/Brazilian Journal of Mental Health, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 35, p. 01–15, 2021. Disponível em: Acesso em: 29 nov. 2023.
Artigos originais
Biografia do Autor

Billy Bromage, Yale School of Medicine

Assistant Clinical Professor of Social Work, Yale School of Medicine

Kirsten Maclean, University of Strathclyde

PhD researcher, University of Strathclyde

Marcelo Gobbo

Médico da Família e Comunidade no Hospital de Amor – Barretos

Winnie Cheng, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Denisse Cáceres Malig, Universidad de Santiago de Chile

M.D. Psychiatry Resident, Universidad de Santiago de Chile

Nathália Maria Souza da Rocha, UFSC

Psicóloga e Especialista em Saúde Pública pela UFSC

Bridgett Willianmson, Yale School of Medicine

Co-Director, Citizens Project, Yale School of Medicine

Michael Rowe, Yale School of Medicine

Professor, Yale School of Medicine, department of psychiatry


ANTHONY, W.A. (1993). Recovery from mental illness: The guiding vision of the mental health Service system in the 1990s. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 16(4), 11–23.

BALLANTYNE, E. et al (2020). Mad people's history and identity: A Mad Studies critical pedagogy project. In E. Scandrett (Ed.), Public sociology as educational practice: challenges, dialogues and counterpublics. Bristol, UK: Bristol University Press.

BERESFORD, P. (2014). Mad Studies is an idea that is new in the UK but offers fresh hope of improving the lives of people experiencing distress, argues Professor Peter Beresford. Mental Health Today. November 2014. Retrievable from:

CAPS INDEPENDENT ADVOCACY (2010). Oor Mad History: A Community History of the Lothian Mental Health Service User Movement. Living Memory Association. Edinburgh.

COGAN, N.A., et al (2020). “The biggest barrier is to inclusion itself”: The experience of citizenship for adults with mental health problems, Journal of Mental Health, DOI: 10.1080/09638237.2020.1803491

COSTA, L. (2013). Mad Studies: What is it and why you should care. Mad Studies Network, online resource. Retrievable from:

COX, L. (2018). Why social movements matter: An introduction. London & New York: Rowman and Littlefield International.

DAVIDSON, L., et al (2005). Recovery in Serious Mental Illness: A New Wine or Just a New Bottle? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36(5), 480–487. DOI: 10.1037/0735-7028.36.5.480

DAVIDSON, L. & STRAUSS, J.S. (1992). Sense of self in recovery from severe mental illness. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 65, 131-145

DEEGAN, P. E. (1988). Recovery: The lived experience of rehabilitation. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 11(4), 11–19.

HALL, B. (2006). Social movement learning: Theorizing a Canadian tradition. Contexts of adult education: Canadian perspectives, 230-238. Toronto: Thomson Educational Publishing.

KILGORE, D. W. (1999). Understanding learning in social movements: A theory of collective learning. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 18(3), 191-202. DOI: 10.1080/026013799293784

ONOCKO-CAMPOS, et al. (2017). Recovery, citizenship, and psychosocial rehabilitation: A dialog between Brazilian and American mental health care approaches. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 20(3), 311-326. DOI: 10.1080/15487768.2017.1338071

PONCE, A. N et al. (2016). Social and clinical dimensions of citizenship from the mental health-care provider perspective. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 39(2), 161–166.

QUINN N., BROMAGE B, ROWE M. (2019). Collective citizenship: From citizenship and mental

health to citizenship and solidarity. Social Policy & Administration, 1–14.

RAFFERTY, J.A. et al (2015). Discrimination. In M.T. Compton & R.S. Shim (Ed.), The social determinants of mental health (pp. 23-45). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

RICCI, É.C., et al (2020). Narratives about the experience of mental illness: The recovery process in Brazil. Psychiatric Quarterly.

ROWE, M. (2015). Citizenship and mental health. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

ROWE, M. & DAVIDSON, L. (2016). Recovering citizenship. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 53(1), 14-20.

TOPOR, A., et al (2011). Not just an individual journey: Social aspects of recovery. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 57(1): 90–99. DOI: 10.1177/0020764010345062