A direita radical populista

uma normalidade patológica

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/1518-2924.2019.e81320

Palavras-chave:

Direita radical, normalidade patológica, novas direitas

Resumo

Nos últimos anos, mais e mais estudos têm apontado para as limitações das explicações do sucesso eleitoral dos partidos populistas radicais de direita pelo lado da demanda. Eles argumentam que fatores do lado da oferta também precisam ser incluídos. Embora os autores anteriores tenham feito essas reivindicações com base em argumentos puramente empíricos, este artigo fornece uma argumentação (meta)teórica para a importância das explicações do lado da oferta. O artigo discorda da visão dominante sobre a direita radical populista, que a considera um ser estranho aos valores dominantes nas democracias ocidentais contemporâneas - a “tese da patologia normal”. Em vez disso, argumenta que a direita radical populista deve ser vista como uma interpretação radical dos valores dominantes, ou mais semelhante a uma normalidade patológica. Este argumento é fundamentado com base em uma análise empírica das ideologias partidárias e atitudes de massa. O deslocamento paradigmático proposto tem profundas consequências para a forma como a direita radical populista e a democracia ocidental se relacionam, além de como a direita radical populista é melhor estudada. Mais importante, torna a demanda por políticos populistas radicais de direita mais uma suposição do que um quebra-cabeça, e direciona o foco principal de pesquisa para a luta política sobre questões de destaque e posições (posicionamentos), e para o papel dos partidos populistas radicais de direita nessas lutas.

Biografia do Autor

Rodolfo Palazzo Dias, UFRJ

Doutor em Sociologia Política (UFSC), mestre em Ciência Política (UNICAMP), bacharel em Ciências Sociais (UFPR) e em Relações Internacionais (UNICURITIBA). Filiado a Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brasil . Pesquisador nas áreas de Sociologia, Economia e Ciência Política.

Rodrigo Orlando Silva, UFSC

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Brasil

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Publicado

2021-09-29