The implications of being implicated. Individual responsibility and structural injustice

Ronald Tinnevelt

Resumo


Within the global justice debate the demandingness objection is primarily aimed at utilitarian theorists who defend a version of the ‘optimizing principle of beneficence’ to deal with the problem of global poverty. The problem of demandingness, however, is hardly ever raised within the context of the dominant institutional theories of global justice that see severe poverty as a human rights violation. Nor are the fundamental underlying questions posed by most of these theorists. Which specific responsibilities do individual moral agents have regarding institutional and structural forms of injustice (1)? Which political spheres, organized public spaces, or political practices are necessary to create a setting in which these responsibilities can be discharged (2)? Does a ‘defensible and psychologically feasible conception of responsibility’ (Scheffler 2002, 62) exist that is restrictive – yet demanding – enough to deal with the complex challenges of our globalizing age (3). This paper addresses questions (1) and (3) on the basis of a critical analysis of Iris Marion Young’s social connection theory of responsibility.

 

 


Palavras-chave


global justice; demandingness; individual responsibilities; Iris Marion Young

Texto completo:

PDF/A (English)

Referências


Ackeren, Marcel van and Sticker, Martin (2015) Kant and Moral Demandingness. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 18: 75-89.

Ashford, Elisabeth (2003a), The Demandingness of Scanlon’s Contractualism, Ethics, 113, 273-302.

Ashford, Elisabeth (2003b), Individual Responsibility and Global Consequences, Philosophical Books, 44(2): 100–110.

Ashford, Elisabeth (2006), The Inadequacy of our Traditional Conception of the Duties Imposed by Human Rights, Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, 19: 217-235.

Cabrera, Luis (2011) The Practice of Global Citizenship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chandhoke, Neera (2010) “How Much Is Enough, Mr Thomas? How Much Will Ever Be Enough. A.M. Jaggar (ed), Thomas Pogge and his Critics, Cambridge: Polity Press, 66-83.

Feinberg, Joel (1966) Duties, Rights, and Claims. American Philosophical Quarterly, 3(2), 137-144.

Gillabert, Pablo (2008), Global Justice and Poverty Relief in Nonideal Circumstances, Social Theory and Practice, 34(3): 411-438.

Goodin, Robert E. (1986) Responsibilities. The Philosophical Quarterly, 36(142), 50-56.

Goodin, Robert E. (1995) Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Goodin, Robert E. (2009) Demandingness as a Virtue. Journal of Ethics, 13: 1-13.

Gould, Carol C. (2009) Varieties of Global Responsibilities: Social Connection, Human Rights, and Transnational Solidarity. Dancing with Iris:The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 199-211.

Hahn, Henning (2009) Globale Gerechtigkeit: Eine philosophische Einführung. Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag.

Kant, Immanuel (1997) The Metaphysics of Morals. In M. J. McGregor (ed.), Practical Philosophy, The Cambridge Edition of the Works of ImmanuelKant, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lichtenberg, Judith (2010), Negative Duties, Positive Duties, and the “New Harms”, Ethics, 120(3), 557-578.

Mieth, Corinna (2008), World Poverty as a Problem of Justice? A Critical Comparison of Three Approaches, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 11: 15-36.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2009) Iris Young’s Last Though on Responsibility for Global Justice. A. Ferguson & M. Nagel (eds.), Dancing with Iris:The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 133-145.

Rawls, John (1999) A Theory of Justice, revised edition. Cambridge (Mass.): Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Richardson, Henry S. (1999) Institutionally Divided Moral Responsibility. E.F. Paul, F.D. Milller& J. Paul (eds.), Responsibility, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 218-249.

Satz, Debra. (2005). What do we owe the global poor? Ethics and International Affairs, 19(1), 47–54.

Scheffler, Samuel (1986) Morality’s Demands and their Limits. The Journal of Philosophy, 83(10), 531-537.

Scheffler, Samuel (1992) Human Morality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Scheffler, Samuel (2001) Boundaries and Allegiances. Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought. New York: Oxford University Press.

Stolle, Dietlind and Micheletti, Michelle (2014) Political Consumerism: Global Responsibility in Action, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Swanton, Christine (2009), Virtue Ethics and the Problem of Demandingness. T. Chappell (ed.), The Problem of Moral Demandingness, London: Palgrave, 104-122.

Walzer, Michael (1999) Deliberation and what else?. In S. Macedo (ed.), Deliberative Politics: Essays on Democracy and Disagreement, New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 58-69.

Stemplowska, Zofia (2009), On the Real World Duties Imposed on Us by Human Rights, Journal of Social Philosophy, 40(4): 466-487.

Walla, Alice Pinheiro (2015) Kant’s Moral Theory and Demandingness. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 18:731–743

Young, Iris Marion (1990) Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Young, Iris Marion (2001), Activist Challenges to Deliberative Democracy. Political Theory 29(5): 670-690.

Young, Iris Marion (2003) From Guilt to Solidarity: Sweatshops and Political Responsibility.Dissent, Spring, 39–45.

Young, Iris Marion (2004) Responsibility and Global Labor Justice. Journal of Political Philosophy. 12(4), 365–88.

Young, Iris Marion (2006) Responsibility and Global Justice: A Social Connection Model. Social Philosophy & Policy Foundation, 23, 102-130.

Young, Iris Marion (2011) Responsibility for Justice. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2017v16n2p493

 

 

 

 

 

ethic@. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil, eISSN 1677-2954

Licença Creative Commons
This obra is licensed under a  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional