Debts, Poverty and Justice
In this article, I make the idea that poverty outcomes are not necessarily morally relevant for assessing policies as clear as possible by discussing a specific case within the global justice debate: sovereign debts. The claim I would like to defend is that generating poverty among the population of a poor state as a result of a loan is independent from the fact that such debt is morally binding. People might become poorer as a result of a loan, and the loan might still be binding; and people might not be negatively affected as a result of a loan, and the loan might be non-binding. It is of course often the case that there is something wrong with lending that generates massive poverty. However, in my view, the fact that lending and poverty exist parallel to each other is not what makes a loan binding or non-binding. Thus, it is misguided to measure poverty as a way of testing the bindingness of a debt. I will proceed as follows. First, I will explain in some detail Pogge’s view about lending and justice, as he is the main defender of the outcome-view that I am trying to refute. Second, I will show two possible worries about Pogge’s view. I will call the first one the “agnosticism objection” and the second one the “normative limitation objection”. Third, I will briefly describe my own account of the conditions under which lending would count as non-binding. This account does not necessarily rely on outcomes.
Cohen, Joshua (2010). Philosophy, social science, global poverty. In Alison M. Jaggar (ed.), Thomas Pogge and His Critics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Dimitriu, Cristian (2015): Odious Debts: A Moral Account. Jurisprudence 6.3, 470-491.
Hassoun, Nicole (2016): Individual Responsibility for Promoting Global Health: The Case for a New Kind of Socially Conscious Consumption, The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics Vol 44, Issue 2, 319 – 331.
Jayachandran, Seema, Michael Kremer, and S. Shafter (2006): Applying the odious debt doctrine while preserving legitimate lending. Center for International Development . https://fsi-live.s3.us-west-1.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/ApplyingtheOdiousDebtsDoctrine.pdf
Nili, Shmuel (2011): Conceptualizing the curse: two views on our responsibility for the ‘resource curse’. Ethics & Global Politics 4.2, 103-124.
Pogge, Thomas. (2005a): Real World Justice. The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2), 29-53.
Pogge, Thomas (2005): Recognized and violated by international law: the human rights of the global poor. Leiden Journal of International Law 18.4, 717-745.
Pogge, Thomas: Assisting the Global Poor, in http://www.princeton.edu/rpds/seminars/pdfs/pogge_assistingpoor.pdf
Tan, Kok-Chor (2004): Justice without borders: cosmopolitanism, nationalism, and patriotism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wertheimer, Alan (1999): Exploitation. Princeton: Princeton University Press
This obra is licensed under a Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional