Indigenous Environmental Interests and their Connection to Anthropogenic Climate Change

Reyes Espinoza

Resumo


This research advocates a strategy to mitigate or prevent further anthropogenic climate change and preserve natural resources. The strategy takes into account mechanisms of social and moral norms, which are innate in humanity due to millions of years of evolution. Social norms themselves are not innate, but the mechanisms to acquire them and implement them are. To slow down anthropogenic climate change global forces, inclusive of governments, NGOs, and collective humanity, should help indigenous peoples to protect their territories and property. Important to the moral argument is highlighting the murder of Berta Cáceres, a Honduran environmental activist, in 2015 by military members of Honduras at the instruction of the Honduran joint chiefs of staff as well as the likely involvement of an energy company. To conclude, if global forces were to enforce protection of indigenous communities affected by the negative effects of urbanization and globalization, then there would be a mitigating effect on anthropogenic climate change. 

Palavras-chave


Climate Change; Social Norms; Environmental Activism; Honduras; Berta Cáceres

Texto completo:

PDF/A (English)

Referências


DPA. (2016, May 10). Hija de Berta Cáceres culpa a empresa desa, a estado y militares hondureños de asesinato. La Prensa Gráfica. Retrieved from http://www.laprensagrafica.com/2016/05/10/hija-de-berta-caceres-culpa-a-empresa-desa-a-estado-y-militares-hondureos-de-asesinato

Garcia, Jacobo. (2017, March 3). La muerte inútil de la ecologista hondureña berta cáceres. El País. Retrieved from https://elpais.com/internacional/2017/03/02/america/1488478328_257627.html

Gardiner, Stephen. M. (2011). The perfect storm: The ethical tragedy of climate change

[Kindle Cloud Reader version]. Available from Amazon.com

Goldman Environmental Foundation. (2019). https://www.goldmanprize.org/

Gordon, Jane A. & Gordon, Lewis R. (2016). Of Divine Warning: Reading Disaster in the Modern Age. New York: Routledge. (Originally published 2009)

Gordon, Lewis R. Antiblack Racism and Ontology. In L. Harris (Ed.), Racism (pp. 347-355). New York: Humanity Books.

Haidt, Jonathan. (2011). The righteous mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion [Kindle Cloud Reader version]. Available from Amazon.com.

Harris, Leonard. (1999). What, then, is Racism? In L. Harris (Ed.), Racism (pp. 437-450). New York: Humanity Books.

Harris, Leonard (2002). Prolegomenon to a Tradition: What is American Philosophy? In L.

Harris, S.L. Pratt, and A.S. Waters (Eds.), American Philosophies: An Anthology (pp. 5-6). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Harris, Leonard, Pratt, Scott L., & Anne S. Waters. (2002). Introduction. In L. Harris, S.L. Pratt, and A.S. Waters (Eds.), American Philosophies: An Anthology (pp. 1-4). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Lakhani, Nina. (2016, June 21). Berta cáceres’s name was on honduran military hitlist, says former soldier. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/21/berta-caceres-name-honduran-military-hitlist-former-soldier

Locke, Alain. (1989a). Values and imperatives. In L. Harris (Ed.), The philosophy of alain locke: Harlem renaissance and beyond (pp. 34-50). Philadelphia: Temple University Press. (Original work published 1935)

— (1989b). Cultural relativism and ideological peace. In L. Harris (Ed.), The philosophy of alain locke: Harlem renaissance and beyond (pp. 69-78). Philadelphia: Temple University Press. (Original work published 1944)

— (1989c). Moral Imperatives for World Order. In L. Harris (Ed.), The philosophy of alain locke: Harlem renaissance and beyond (pp. 151-152). Philadelphia: Temple University Press. (Original work published 1944)

Malkin, Elisabeth. (2016, May 2). Honduras arrests 4 men in killing of berta cáceres, indigenous activist. The New York Times. Retrieved from

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/03/world/americas/honduras-arrests-4-men-in-killing-of-berta-caceres.html?mcubz=3

Martins, Alejandra. (2016, March 3). Honduras: matan a berta cáceres, la activista que le torció la mano al banco mundial y a china. BBC Mundo. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias/2015/04/150423_honduras_berta_caceres_am

Richerson, Peter & Henrich, Joe. (2012). Tribal social instincts and the cultural evolution of institutions to solve collective action problems. Cliodynamics, 3(1), 38-80.

Unamuno, Miguel de (1954). Tragic Sense of Life. (J. E. Crawford Flitch, Trans.). Printed and bounded in United States of America: Dover Publications. (Originally published 1913 in Spanish. Originally published 1921 in English)

Watts, Jonathan. (2016, March 4). Berta cáceres, honduran human rights environment activist, murdered. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/03/honduras-berta-caceres-murder-enivronment-activist-human-rights

— (2015, April 19). Honduran indigenous rights campaigner wins Goldman prize. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/20/honduran-indigenous-rights-campaigner-wins-goldman-prize

Zawidzki, Tadeusz. (2007). Dennett. Oxford: Oneworld Publications.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2018v17n3p445

          

 

 

ethic@. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil, eISSN 1677-2954

Licença Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional