Os esforços de modernização do arsenal nuclear chinês: balanceamento interno e transformação no sistema internacional contemporâneo

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2177-5230.2020v35n77p296

Palavras-chave:

China, Estados Unidos da América, Política nuclear, Balanceamento interno, Teoria da Balança de Poder, Armas nucleares

Resumo

O artigo visa a analisar os investimentos chineses em seu arsenal nuclear nos anos que sucederam ao fim da Guerra Fria. Argumenta-se que os esforços de modernização das armas nucleares chinesas estão inseridos no âmbito de um processo de “balanceamento interno” empreendido pela China em relação aos EUA. Para desenvolver esse argumento, a primeira seção deste artigo apresenta algumas considerações sobre o fenômeno do “balanceamento interno”, esclarecendo seu embasamento conceitual-teórico. Em seguida, realiza-se uma breve revisão histórica do programa nuclear chinês durante a Guerra Fria. Finalmente, serão avaliados os esforços contemporâneos de modernização dos arsenais nucleares chineses à luz do modelo teórico que auxilia na verificação empírica do fenômeno do balanceamento interno.

Biografia do Autor

Layla Dawood, Professora Adjunta, Departamento de Relações Internacionais, UERJ

Professora Adjunta, Departamento de Relações Internacionais, UERJ

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Publicado

2020-12-07