Religião e Economia Moral

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-8034.2022.e86473

Palavras-chave:

Capitalismo, Dívida, Economia, Funcionalismo, Moralidade, Pobreza, Religião, Valor, Riqueza, Dádiva

Resumo

As posic?o?es religiosas em relac?a?o a? economia moral ha? muito tempo te?m fornecido recursos importantes para a reflexa?o cri?tica sobre a vida econo?mica. Quando as instituic?o?es religiosas procuram construir alternativas aos sistemas econo?micos e a?s pra?ticas financeiras existentes, no entanto, elas tambe?m encontram uma se?rie de problemas. Em contraste com muitas cri?ticas seculares a? economia, as cri?ticas religiosas tendem a ser expli?citas sobre as suas diretrizes morais e os pressupostos ontolo?gicos em que se baseiam, dando origem a ha?bitos econo?micos e instituic?o?es financeiras distintas. Por isso, o seu estudo etnogra?fico ilumina uma se?rie de questo?es antropolo?gicas mais gerais sobre as fontes do valor, os limites do ca?lculo racional, a moralidade da di?vida, o significado da desigualdade, a justic?a econo?mica e os objetivos legi?timos de uma economia.

Biografia do Autor

Webb Keane, Universidade de Michigan

Doutor em Antropologia pela Universidade de Chicago, George Herbert Mead Collegiate Professor of Anthropology na Universidade de Michigan.

Bruno Reinhardt, Departamento de Antropologia, UFSC

Doutor em Antropologia pela Universidade da Califórnia, Berkeley. Professor do Departamento de Antropologia da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.

Lucas Baumgarten

Graduando do curso de Antropologia Social pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Bolsista PIBIC/ CNPq.

Referências

AKIN, David; ROBBINS, Joel. Money and Modernity: State and Local Currencies in Melanesia. Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh University Press, 1999.

AL-YUSI, al-Hasan. The Discourses: Reflections on History, Sufism, Theology, and Literature. New York: NYU Press, 2020. v. I.

APPADURAI, Arjun. Banking on Words: The Failure of Language in the Age of Derivative Finance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016.

ASAD, Talal. Genealogies of Religion: Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

BALDWIN, John W. The Medieval Theories of the Just Price: Romanists, Canonists, and Theologians in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, [s.l.], v. 49, n. 4, p. 1-92, 1959.

BARRETT, Michele. Women’s Oppression Today: Problems in Marxist Feminist Analysis. London: Verso, 1980.

BATAILLE, Georges. The Accursed Share. New York: Zone, 1991. v. 1.

BIELO, James S. The Mind of Christ: Financial Success, Born-Again Personhood, and the Anthropology of Christianity. Ethnos, [s.l.], v. 72, n. 3, p. 316-338, 2007.

BOLTANSKI, Luc; THEVENOT, Laurent. On Justification: Economies of Worth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

BONNER, Michael. Poverty and Economics in the Qur’an. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, [s.l.], v. 35, n. 3, p. 391-406, 2005.

BROWN, Peter. Through the Eye of a Needle: Wealth, the Fall of Rome, and the Making of Christianity in the West, 350-550 AD. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013.

BROWN, Peter. The Ransom of the Soul: Afterlife and Wealth in Early Western Christianity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015.

BURKERT, Walter. Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1983.

CARRIER, James. Gifts in a World of Commodities: The Ideology of the Perfect Gift in American Society. Social Analysis, [s.l.], v. 29, p. 19-37, 1990.

CHU, Julie. Cosmologies of Credit: Transnational Mobility and the Politics of Destination in China. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010.

COLEMAN, Simon. The Charismatic Gift. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, [s.l.], v. 10, n. 2, p. 421-442, 2004.

COLEMAN, Simon. The Globalization of Charismatic Christianity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

COMAROFF, Jean; COMAROFF, John. Of Revelation and Revolution: Christianity, Colonialism, and Consciousness in South Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. v. 1.

COMAROFF, Jean; COMAROFF, John. Occult Economies and the Violence of Abstraction: Notes from the South African Postcolony. American Ethnologist, [s.l.], v. 26, n. 2, p. 279-303, 1999.

CONNOLLY, William E. Capitalism and Christianity, American Style. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008.

DAVIS, John B. Ethics and Economics: A Complex Systems Approach. In: WHITE, Mark D. (ed.). Oxford Handbook of Ethics and Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. p. 208-228.

DERRIDA, Jacques. Given Time: Counterfeit Money. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

DODD, Nigel. The Social Life of Money. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014.

EDELMAN, Marc. Bringing the Moral Economy Back in [...] to the Study of 21st-Century Transnational Peasant Movements. American Anthropologist, [s.l.], v. 107, n. 3, p. 331-345, 2005.

FASSIN, Didier. Moral Economies Revisited. Annales, Histoire, Sciences Sociales, [s.l.], v. 64, n. 6, p. 1.237-1.266, 2009.

FEINBERG, Kenneth. R. What Is a Life Worth? The Unprecedented Effort to Compensate the Victims of 9/11. New York: Public Affairs, 2006.

FOSTER, Robert J.; HORST, Heather A. The Moral Economy of Mobile Phones: Pacific Islands Perspectives. Canberra, Australia: ANU Press, 2018.

FOURCADE, Marion; HEALEY, Kieran. Moral Views of Market Society. Annual Review of Sociology, [s.l.], v. 33, p. 285-311, 2007.

FOURCADE, Marion. The Fly and the Cookie: Alignment and Unhingement in 21st-Century Capitalism. Socio-Economic Review, [s.l.], v. 15, n. 3, p. 661-678, 2017.

GORSKI, Philip. S. et al. (ed.). The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society. New York: NYU Press, 2012.

GÖTZ, Norbert. Moral Economy: Its Conceptual History and Analytical Prospects. Journal of Global Ethics, [s.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 147-162, 2015.

GRAEBER, David. Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value: The False Coin of Our Own Dreams. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave, 2001.

GRAEBER, David. Debt: The First 5,000 Years. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House, 2011.

GUYER, Jane. Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

HARDING, Susan Friend. The Book of Jerry Falwell: Fundamentalist Language and Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

HARRISON, Peter. Adam Smith and the History of the Invisible Hand. Journal of the History of Ideas, [s.l.], v. 72, n. 1, p. 29-59, 2011.

HART, Keith. Money as a Form of Religious Life. Religion and Society: Advances in Research, [s.l.], v. 1, p. 156-163, 2010.

HIGH, Holly. Ethnographic Exposures: Motivations for Donations in the South of Laos (and Beyond). American Ethnologist, [s.l.], v. 37, n. 2, p. 308-322, 2010.

HIGH, Holly. Fields of Desire: Poverty and Policy in Laos. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press, 2014.

HIRSCHMAN, Albert O. The Passions and the Interests: Political Arguments for Capitalism before Its Triumph. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1977.

HUBERT, Hubert; MAUSS, Marcel. Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.

JAEGGI, Rahel. What (If Anything) Is Wrong with Capitalism? Dysfunctionality, Exploitation and Alienation: Three Approaches to the Critique of Capitalism. The Southern Journal of Philosophy, [s.l.], v. 54, Spindel Supplement, p. 44-65, 2016.

KEANE, Webb. Signs of Recognition: Powers and Hazards of Representation in an Indonesian Society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1997.

KEANE, Webb. Money Is No Object: Materiality, Desire, and Modernity in an Indonesian Society. In: MYERS, Fred R. The Empire of Things: Regimes of Value and Material Culture. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 2001. p. 65-90.

KEANE, Webb. Christian Moderns: Freedom and Fetish in the Mission Encounter. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007.

KEANE, Webb. Market, Materiality, and Moral Metalanguage. Anthropological Theory, [s.l.], v. 8, n. 1, p. 27-42, 2008.

KEANE, Webb. Ethical Life: Its Natural and Social Histories. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2016.

KEYNES, John Maynard. The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes: The General Theory of Employment Interest and Money. London: Macmillan, 1973. v. 7.

KNIGHT, Frank Hyneman. Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1921.

KOCHUYT, Thierry. God, Gifts and Poor People: On Charity in Islam. Social Compass, [s.l.], v. 56, n. 1, p. 98-116, 2009.

LAIDLAW, James. Riches and Renunciation: Religion, Economy, and Society among the Jains. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

LAIDLAW, James. A Free Gift Makes No Friends. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, [s.l.], v. 6, p. 4, p. 617-634, 2000.

LAPIDUS, André. Norm, Virtue and Information: The Just Price and Individual Behavior in Thomas Aquina Summa Theologiae. The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, [s.l.], v. 1, n. 3, p. 435-473, 1994.

LI, Tania. M. Land’s End: Capitalist Relations on an Indigenous Frontier. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014.

LOFTON, Kathryn. Consuming Religion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. LOWRY, Todd; GORDON, Robert P. (ed.). Ancient and Medieval Economic Ideas and Social Justice. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1998.

MARX, Karl. The German Ideology. New York: International Publishers, 1972.

MASUZAWA, Tomoko. The Invention of World Religions: Or, How European Universalism Was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

MAURER, Bill. Mutual Life, Limited: Islamic Banking, Alternative Currencies, Lateral Reason. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005.

MAUSS, Marcel. The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies. New York: W. W. Norton, 1990.

MAYBLIN, Maya; COURSE, Magnus. The Other Side of Sacrifice: Introduction. Ethnos, [s.l.], v. 79, n. 3, p. 307-319, 2013.

MCCLOSKEY, Deirdre N. The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

MITTERMAIER, Amira. Trading with God: Islam, Calculation, Excess. In: LAMBERT, Michael; BODDY, Janice. (ed.). A Companion to the Anthropology of Religion. London: Wiley- Blackwell, 2014. p. 274-293.

MITTERMAIER, Amira. Giving to God: Islamic Charity in Revolutionary Times. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2019.

MORETON, Bethany. To Serve God and Wal-Mart: The Making of Christian Free Enterprise. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.

MUEHLEBACH, Andrea. The Moral Neoliberal: Welfare and Citizenship in Italy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

MUNN, Nancy. The Fame of Gawa: A Symbolic Study of Value Transformation in a Massim (Papua New Guinea) Society. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

NAROTZKY, Susana; MANZANO, Eduardo. The Hisba, the Muhtasib and the Struggle over Political Power and a Moral Economy: An Inquiry into Institutions. In: HUDSON, John; RODRIGUEZ, Ana (ed.). Diverging Paths? The Shapes of Power and Institutions in Medieval Christendom and Islam. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2014. p. 30-54.

NOONAN, John. T. The Scholastic Analysis of Usury. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1957.

OSELLA, Filippo; RUDNYCKYJ, Daromir. Introduction: Assembling Market and Religious Moralities. In: RUDNYCKYJ, Daromir; OSELLA, Filippo. (ed.). Religion and the Morality of the Market. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017. p. 1-28.

PARRY, Jonathan. The Gift, the Indian Gift, and the Indian Gift. Man, [s.l.], v. 21, p. 3, p. 453-473, 1986.

RABOTEAU, Albert J. American Prophets: Seven Religious Radicals and Their Struggle for Social and Political Justice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2016.

ROBBINS, Joel. Becoming Sinners: Christianity and Moral Torment in a Papuan New Guinea Society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004.

ROSSMAN, Gabriel. Obfuscatory Relational Work and Disreputable Exchange. Sociological Theory, [s.l.], v. 32, n. 1, p. 43-63, 2014.

RUDNYCKYJ, Daromir; OSELLA, Filippo. (ed). Religion and the Morality of the Market. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

RUDNYCKYJ, Daromir. Beyond Debt: Islamic Experiments in Global Finance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019.

SAHLINS, Marshall. Stone Age Economics. Chicago: Aldine, 1972.

SAHLINS, Marshall. Cosmologies of Capitalism: The Trans-Pacific Sector of ‘The World System. Proceedings of the British Academy, [s.l.], v. 74, p. 1-51, 1988. SAHLINS, Marshall. The Sadness of Sweetness: The Native Anthropology of Western Cosmology. Current Anthropology, [s.l.], v. 37, n. 3, p. 395-428, 1996.

SAYER, Andrew. Moral Economy as Critique. New Political Economy, [s.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 261-270, 2007.

SCHERZ, China. Persistent Forms: Catholic Charity Homes on the Boundary Line of the Moral Neoliberal. In: RUDNYCKYJ, Daromir; OSELLA, Filippo. (ed.). Religion and the Morality of the Market. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2017. p. 177-195.

SCHIELKE, Samuli. Egypt in the Future Tense: Hope, Frustration, and Ambivalence before and after 2011. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2016.

SCOTT, James C. The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1976.

SIEGEL, James T. The Rope of God. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1969. SMITH, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

SMITH, Jonathan. Z. Imagining Religion: From Babylon to Jonestown. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

TAMBIAH, Stanley Jeyaraja. The Buddhist Saints of the Forest and the Cult of Amulets. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

THOMPSON, E. P. The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century. Past and Present, [s.l.], v. 50, p. 76-136, 1971.

TOBIN, Sarah. A. Everyday Piety: Islam and Economy in Jordan. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2016.

TODESCHINI, Giacomo. Jewish Usurers, Blood Libel, and the Second-Hand Economy: The Medieval Origins of a Stereotype (from the Thirteenth to the Fifteenth Century). In: ADAMS, Jonathan; HESS, Cordelia. (ed.). The Medieval Roots of Antisemitism: Continuities and Discontinuities from the Middle Ages to the Present Day. New York: Routledge, 2018. p. 341-351.

TRIPP, Charles. Islam and the Moral Economy: The Challenge of Capitalism. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

VALERI, Valerio. The Forest of Taboos: Morality, Hunting, and Identity among the Huaulu of the Moluccas. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1999.

VAN BAAL, J. Offering, Sacrifice, Gift. Numen, [s.l.], v. 23, n. 1, p. 61-78, 1976.

WEBER, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1930.

WEISS, Hadas. Israeli Ultra-Orthodoxy: Credit and Credibility. Social Analysis, [s.l.], v. 58, n. 2, p. 1-20, 2014.

WIEGEL, Katherine L. Investing in Miracles: El Shaddai and the Transformation of Popular Catholicism in the Philippines. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2005.

WILLIAMS, Eric. Capitalism and Slavery. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1944.

YELLE, Robert A. Sovereignty and the Sacred: Secularism and the Political Economy of Religion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019.

ZALOOM, Caitlin. The Evangelical Financial Ethic: Doubled Forms and the Search for God in the Economic World. American Ethnologist, [s.l.], v. 43, n. 2, p. 325-338, 2016.

ZELIZER, Viviana A. Morals and Markets: The Development of Life Insurance in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.

ZELIZER, Viviana A. Pricing the Priceless Child: The Changing Social Value of Children. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994.

ZUCKERMAN, Charles H. P. Good Gambling: Meaning and Moral Economy in Late-Socialist Laos. 2018. PhD (Dissertação) – University of Michigan, Michigan, 2018.

Downloads

Publicado

2022-05-26

Como Citar

KEANE, Webb; REINHARDT, Bruno; BAUMGARTEN, Lucas. Religião e Economia Moral . Ilha Revista de Antropologia, Florianópolis, v. 24, n. 2, p. 215–240, 2022. DOI: 10.5007/2175-8034.2022.e86473. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/ilha/article/view/86473. Acesso em: 27 fev. 2024.

Edição

Seção

Tradução