O nacionalismo hindu de Modi: autoritarismo e neoliberalismo na Índia

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0259.2021.e72974

Palavras-chave:

Nacionalismo hindu, Autoritarismo, Narendra Modi, BJP, Hindutva

Resumo

O objetivo deste texto é discutir a convergência entre autoritarismo e neoliberalismo no contexto indiano, onde o partido no poder desde 2014 avança numa agressiva agenda nacionalista hindu (Hindutva). Inicialmente, é analisada a colonização da esfera pública por este nacionalismo religioso. Em seguida, é abordada a aceleração desse processo desde o início do segundo mandato de Narendra Modi em 2019. A terceira seção discute as bases de classe da política Hindutva. É avançada a hipótese de que a aceleração dessa agenda coloca um dilema para a classe dominante, uma vez que a radicalização inerente à dinâmica do nacionalismo hindu, ameaça a estabilidade social e a economia do país. Comprometida com esta política em função de interesses de classe, a grande burguesia não tem um projeto alternativo no momento, e arrisca se tornar prisioneira da engrenagem que ajudou a colocar em marcha.

Biografia do Autor

Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos, UNIFESP

Professor do Departamento de Relações Internacionais da Universidade Federal de São Paulo

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Publicado

2021-04-09