Aprimoramento cognitivo: técnicas e controvérsias

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2021.e79915

Palavras-chave:

Aprimoramento cognitivo, Neurociência, Biotecnologia

Resumo

O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o estado da arte das pesquisas científicas sobre aprimoramento cognitivo, visando a fornecer subsídios para uma discussão menos especulativa sobre o tema. Para tal, realizamos uma revisão integrativa da literatura sobre os dispositivos de aprimoramento cognitivo biotecnológicos vigentes. O resultado aponta para o caráter inconcluso das pesquisas, não havendo respostas significativas que certifiquem a efetividade de práticas de aprimoramento cognitivo, ao menos da forma como este vem sendo idealizado e discutido. Defenderemos, assim, que os investimentos na área precisam ser analisados sob o ponto de vista da justiça, levando-se em consideração outras formas de aprimoramento cognitivo disponíveis e comprovadas. Pretendemos indicar como alternativa um investimento substancial na mais antiga forma de aprimoramento humano, a educação, a fim de que novas metodologias possam ser pensadas e adequadas às demandas da sociedade contemporânea e a um ideal de sociedade mais justa e igualitária.

Biografia do Autor

Fabiana Cunha Leão Pompermayer, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, R.J.

Doutora em Bioética, Ética Aplicada e Saúde Coletiva do PPGBIOS - Programa de Pós-Graduação em Associação das IES UFRJ, UFF, UERJ e FIOCRUZ e Pós-Doutoranda na Universidade Federal Fluminense. Neurocientista e Pesquisadora em Neuroaprimoramento e em Saúde Coletiva. E-mail: fabiana.educato@gmail.com

Murilo Mariano Vilaça, Pesquisador Associado da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, R.J.

Pesquisador Associado da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ). Doutor em Filosofia (UFRJ: 2014) e em Educação (UERJ: 2013). Docente Permanente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioética, Ética Aplicada e Saúde Coletiva - PPGBIOS (PPG em associação: UFRJ/FIOCRUZ/UFF/UERJ). Docente Permanente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação, Gestão e Difusão em Biociências (Instituto de Bioquímica Médica Leopoldo de Meis - UFRJ). Coordenador (Líder) do Grupo de Investigações Filosóficas sobre Transumanismo e Biomelhoramento Humano - GIFT-H+ (FIOCRUZ/CNPq/2021-atual). E-mail: contatoacademico@hotmail.com

Maria Clara Dias, Professora titular da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, R.J.

Doutora em Filosofia - Freie Universitat Berlin (1993) e Pós-Doutorado na Universidade de Connecticut (2003), na Universidade de Oxford (2006/2007), na Universidade de Tulane (2015) e na Universidade Rey Juan Carlos (2019). Professora titular da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), onde integra o Departamento de Filosofia e o Programa Interinstitucional e Interdisciplinar de Pós-Graduação em Bioética, Ética Aplicada e Saúde Coletiva. E-mail: mcdias1964@gmail.com

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Publicado

2021-04-30