The Political Culture of Asian Brazilians


  • Benjamin Zhu New York University
  • Lucas Toshiaki Archangelo Okado Universidade Federal de Goias
  • Ednaldo Aparecido Ribeiro Universidade Estadual de Maringá



Race and political behavior, Minority political behavior, Asians in Latin America, Factor analysis


Few studies have examined the relationship between race and politics for Asian Brazilians. Using data from the Latin American Public Opinion Survey, we examine this relationship along two axes: cognitive orientation towards politics and institutional confidence. We use factor analysis to create representative indices of these axes and estimate regression models using race as a predictive variable. We find no evidence that Asian Brazilians differ from White Brazilians along either of these two axes. However, we find that a university education has an especially strong relationship with cognitive orientation towards politics for Asian Brazilians. On average, Asian Brazilians with a university education had a cognitive orientation towards politics score 17% higher than Asian Brazilians without a university education, though we do not find a similar effect for institutional confidence. Overall, we find that ethnic identity, particularly for Asians, does not have a strong effect on either of the axes but education has different effects on them between different ethnic groups.


Key Words: Race and political behavior, minority political behavior, Asians in Latin America, factor analysis


Poucos estudos têm examinado a relação entre raça e política para Brasileiros Asiáticos. Usando dados do Projeto de Opinião Pública de América Latina, examinamos essa relação através de dois eixos: orientação cognitiva à política e confiança institucional. Nós usamos analise fatorial para propor índices representativos e estimamos modelos de regressão usando raça como uma variável preditiva. Não encontramos evidencia que Brasileiros Asiáticos diferem com Brasileiros Brancos em ambos os eixos. Porém, achamos que educação superior tem uma relação particularmente forte com a orientação cognitiva à política para Brasileiros Asiáticos.  Na média, Brasileiros Asiáticos com educação superior tem uma pontuação de orientação cognitiva à política 17% mais alta do que Brasileiros Asiáticos sem educação superior, apesar de não encontramos um efeito semelhante para a confiança institucional. No geral, descobrimos que a identidade étnica, particularmente para os asiáticos, não tem um forte efeito em nenhum dos eixos, mas a educação tem efeitos diferentes entre os diferentes grupos étnicos.

Palavras Chave: Raça e comportamento política, comportamento política das minorias, Asiáticos em América Latina, analise fatorial

Biografia do Autor

Benjamin Zhu, New York University

Wagner School of Public Policy, Jr. Research Scientist

Lucas Toshiaki Archangelo Okado, Universidade Federal de Goias

Professor Visitante

Ednaldo Aparecido Ribeiro, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Departamento de Ciências Sociais, Professor Associado Nível B



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