Realmente: advérbio modal e implicatura generalizada

Roberta Pires de Oliveira, Márcio Renato Guimarães


The paper compares necessariamente p, p, and realmente p in Brazilian Portuguese. It argues that realmente is an epistemic modal. The main difference with respect to necessariamente is the ordering source: the former takes the real world, the latter, the normal course of events. Realmente has a lexicalized ordering source: real-. The ordering is established by the similarity to the real world. The result is a hiper-realist basis. Thus, realmente p entails p, but since it activates an ordering source, there are alternatives; it implies that there are non-p worlds. To utter p implies that the speaker is faithful. To utter realmente p fires a generalized implicature that p is in discussion, as claimed by Guimarães (2016), because it suspends the maxim of quality: it states that the real world belongs to p. We present the contours of this implicature.


Português Brasileiro, advérbios modais, Semântica de Mundos Possíveis, Pragmática, implicaturas


Copyright (c) 2016 Principia: an international journal of epistemology

Principia: an internationnal journal of epistemology
Published by NEL - Epistemology and Logic Research Group
Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC
Center of Philosophy and Human Sciences – CFH
Campus Reitor João David Ferreira Lima
Florianópolis, Santa Catarina - Brazil
CEP: 88040-900

 ISSN: 1414-4217
EISSN: 1808-171