Ordinary Referring Names in Fictional Contexts
Keywords:fictional characters, fiction-internal contexts, ordinary proper names, realism, reference, representation
Ordinary proper names can be taken to be referring expressions in non-fictional contexts. But what happens when such names occur in literary works? Within the realist stance, there are two approaches to the issue. Some say that ordinary proper names retain their real world referents in literary fiction. Others argue for the view that ordinary proper names are related there to surrogate referents. It can be pointed out, however, that both approaches create a conceptual tension within the realist doctrine. Fiction-internal contexts are incompatible with any reference-based interpretation of names. The proposal of this paper is, therefore, a shift in perspective: instead of sticking to the notion of reference, the behaviour of ordinary names should be described in terms of representation.
Azzouni, J. 2010. Talking about Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions. New York: Oxford University Press.
Berto, F. 2011. Modal Meinongianism and Fiction: The Best of Three Worlds. Philosophical Studies 152: 313–334.
Bonomi, A. 2008. Fictional Contexts. In: P. Bouque; L. Serafini; R. H. Thomason (eds.), Perspectives on Context, p.213–248. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
Brock, S. 2010. The Creationist Fiction: The Case against Creationism about Fictional Characters. Philosophical Review 119: 337–364.
Burge, T. 2010. Origins of Objectivity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Everett, A., & Schroeder, T. 2015. Ideas for Stories. In: S. Brock & A. Everett (eds.), Fictional Objects, p.275–294. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Folde, C. 2017. Non-Fictional Narrators in Fictional Narratives. British Journal of Aesthetics 57: 389–405.
Goodman, N. 1968. Languages of Art: An Approach to the Theory of Symbols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
Kamp, H. 2015. Using Proper Names as Intermediaries between Labelled Entity Representations. Erkenntnis 80: 263–312.
Kaplan, D. 2011. Words on Words. The Journal of Philosophy 108: 504–529.
Kertész, A., & Cs. Rákosi 2012. Data and Evidence in Linguistics: A Plausible Argumentation Model. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kripke, S. 1973 . Reference and Existence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kroon, F. 2015. Creationism and the Problem of Indiscernible Fictional Objects. In: S. Brock & A. Everett (eds.), Fictional Objects, p.139–171. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Motoarca, I-R. 2014. Fictional Surrogates. Philosophia 42: 1033–1053.
Parsons, T. 1980. Nonexistent Objects. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Sainsbury, M. 2018. Thinking about Things. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sainsbury, M. 2021. Fictional Names: Reference, Definiteness and Ontology. Organon F 28: 44–59.
Taylor, K. A. 2014. The Things we Do with Empty Names: Objectual Representations, Non-Veridical Language Games, and Truth Similitude. In: M. Garcia-Carpintero & G. Martí, (eds.), Empty Representations, p.183–214. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thomasson, A. L. 1999. Fiction and Metaphysics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Thomasson, A. L. 2003. Speaking of Fictional Characters. Dialectica 57: 207–226.
Thomasson, A. L. 2010. Fiction, Existence and Indeterminacy. In: J. Woods (ed.), Fictions and Models: New Essays, p.109–148. Munich: Philosophia Verlag.
Vecsey, Z. 2019. Fiction and Representation. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter.
Voltolini, A. 2006. How Ficta Follow Fiction. A Syncretistic Account of Fictional Entities. Dordrecht: Springer.
Voltolini, A. 2013. Probably the Charterhouse of Parma does not Exist, Possibly not even that Parma. Humana Mente 25: 235–261.
Voltolini, A. 2020. Real Individuals in Fictions, Fictional Surrogates in Stories. Philosophia 48: 803–820.
Copyright (c) 2022 Zoltán Vecsey
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Principia http://www.periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/principia/index is licenced under a Creative Commons - Atribuição-Uso Não-Comercial-Não a obras derivadas 3.0 Unported.
Base available in www.periodicos.ufsc.br.