O middle ground

Autores

  • Richard White Stanford University, Department of History, Stanford, California, CA, Estados Unidos da América

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7976.2020.e74818

Palavras-chave:

Middle ground, Contato colonial, Mal-entendidos

Resumo

Na região dos Grandes Lagos da América do Norte de meados do século XVII a meados do XVIII, nativos algonquinos e agentes coloniais franceses interagiram em meio ao complexo processo de contato colonial. As condições de existência naquele espaço impeliam algonquinos e franceses a um apoio recíproco para se atingir objetivos específicos. Isso ocorria de tal modo que eles produziram concepções comuns de adequados modos de agir, isto é, aquilo que denominamos de middle ground. A necessidade inevitável de comunicação nos termos do outro gerou um processo de oportunos e criativos mal-entendidos mútuos, os quais produziam novos conteúdos culturais que, ao se tornarem convenções entre as partes envolvidas, se transformavam num novo referencial que orientou as ações dos sujeitos históricos. A abordagem teórica desse conceito é discutida nesse texto por meio da análise das relações cotidianas nas quais algonquinos e franceses produziram essa zona de inteligibilidade mútua. As congruências culturais, que deram forma ao middle ground, eram respostas a problemas e controvérsias que giravam em torno de questões como sexo, violência e comércio. A análise das medidas tomadas nesses campos relacionais expõe que os conteúdos híbridos surgiam de reiteradas tentativas de se encontrar conexões entre os referenciais normativos franceses e costumes algonquinos. As respostas produzidas nessas situações não se configuravam como noções exclusivamente francesas ou algonquinas, mas como improvisações e criações emergidas em pontos onde as culturas se cruzavam e promoviam uma zona cultural intermediária em que as expectativas de cada lado poderiam encontrar um grau aceitável de satisfação.

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2021-01-15

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