Anarquismo e não-dominação

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7984.2021.e77729

Palavras-chave:

Anarquismo, Republicanismo, Liberdade, Não dominação

Resumo

Neste artigo recuperamos temas republicanos, como não-dominação, tirania e escravidão, no anarquismo clássico, para expor os limites da revitalização republicana neorromana contemporânea. Para anarquistas, o Estado-nação moderno e a propriedade privada são antitéticos à liberdade como não-dominação, atuando como limites estruturais à liberdade em vez de como meios para sua realização. Reanalisamos os fundamentos dessa crítica, propondo dois argumentos. Primeiro, que um comprometimento, seja com o Estado ou com a propriedade privada, representa um comprometimento moral e ético positivo sem fundamento que enviesa a teoria negativa de liberdade que republicanos contemporâneos buscam desenvolver. Segundo, que o comprometimento moral com o Estado faz com que o republicanismo neorromano seja essencialmente conservador. Teorias anarquistas da liberdade como não-dominação vão muito além do que a revitalização republicana parece permitir, abrindo novas possibilidades para inovações institucionais e constitucionais, permanecendo ao mesmo tempo consistentes com o valor normativo nuclear do republicanismo, a não-dominação.

Biografia do Autor

Ruth Kinna, Loughborough University

Ruth Ellen Kinna é graduada em história e política pela Universidade de Londres e doutora em política pela Universidade de Oxford. Ela é professora de filosofia política na Loughborough University. Coeditora do periódico Anarchist Studies. Autora de, entre outros livros, "Anarchism: A Beginner's Guide" (2012), "Kropotkin: Reviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition" (2016) e "The Government of No One: The Theory and Practice of Anarchism" (2019).

Alex Prichard, Universidade de Exeter

Alex Prichard é doutor pela Loughborough University e Professor Associado do Departamento de Política da Universidade de Exeter. Coeditor da série Contemporary Anarchist Studies e do periódico Anarchist Studies.

Peterson Roberto da Silva, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Graduado em Ciências Sociais pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) (2015). Mestre em Sociologia Política pela UFSC (2018). Atualmente doutorando em Sociologia e Ciência Política com ênfase em Ciência Política pela UFSC (bolsa CNPq), sob orientação de Tiago Losso (Núcleo de Estudos do Pensamento Político- NEPP), com sanduíche na Loughborough University (Reino Unido) (bolsa Capes), sob orientação de Ruth Kinna (Anarchism Research Group - ARG). Tem experiência na área de Teoria Política Contemporânea, principalmente em temas como liberdade, legitimidade, representação e anarquismo. Também tem interesse por ensino de ciências sociais e interfaces entre teoria política e ficção / literatura. Pesquisador associado ao Instituto de Teoria e História Anarquista. Escritor autopublicado de ficção. Inventor do jogo de cartas Agência.

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2021-07-16