Behaviors associated to sleep among high school students: cross-sectional and prospective analysis

Luana Peter Hoefelmann, Kelly Samara Silva, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Jaqueline Aragoni da Silva, Markus Vinicius Nahas


The association between health behaviors and sleep patterns in youths has been tested using cross-sectional data, and prospective evidence is needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional and prospective associations between behavioral variables and sleep quality and duration. A secondary analysis was conducted using data that were collected in March and December 2006 from a random sample of high school students (aged 14-24 years) from Recife and Florianopolis, Brazil, for the “Saúde na Boa” intervention. Data on the perception of sleep quality and duration and lifestyle variables were obtained through self-reported questionnaires. Data were analyzed using crude and adjusted binary logistic regressions. The percentages of students reporting poor sleep quality and insufficient sleep duration were 45.7% and 76.7%, respectively, considering the cross-sectional data, and 45.8% and 77.5%, respectively, considering the longitudinal data. There was a cross-sectional association between lower physical activity (OR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.55, 0.99) and higher snack consumption (OR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.18, 2.36) and negative sleep quality. Excessive TV watching (OR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.30, 0.75) and higher levels of soft drink consumption (OR = 1.84, 95% CI: 1.19, 2.84) were associated with insufficient sleep duration. However, no behavioral variables were associated with sleep quality and duration in the prospective analysis. The prevalence of self-reported poor sleep quality and duration were similar in the cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Some behaviors were associated with sleep patterns in the cross-sectional analyses, but these findings were not confirmed in the prospective analyses.


Adolescent, Adolescent behavior; Brazil; Prospective studies; Sleep.


The abbreviated title of the journal is Rev. Bras. Cineantropom. Desempenho Hum, which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references. E-ISSN 1980-0037, impressa ISSN 1415-8426, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.