Study of the body composition of schoolchildren aged 10 to 14 years

Francisco José Berral De La Rosa, José Ramón Gómez Puerto, Bernardo Hernán Viana Montaner, Carlos Javier Berral De La Rosa, Pedro Carpintero Benitez

Abstract


The study of body composition (BC) is basic to understanding the effect that diet, growth, physical exercise, illnesses and other background factors have on the organism. We have studied, from an Anthropometric perspective, a total of 1,329 children aged 10 to 14 years, attending public school in the city of Córdoba (Spain) and the village of Pozoblanco (in the north of the province of Córdoba). The skinfold measurements with highest values were those on lower limbs, being larger, in all cases, in girls than in boys. We observed highly significant differences (p<0,001) between Lohman’s and Slaughter’s formulae, although there is a high correlation between the two (0.923). There is an inverse relationship between the intensity of schoolchildren’s physical activity and the level of fat. We present percentiles for the sums of six skinfolds (TR, SSC, BI, SS, BM, LM) in boys and girls, which permits us to classify children at different degrees of overweight and obesity.

Keywords


Composición Corporal; Escolares; Pliegues cutáneos; Percentiles; Body Composition; Schoolchildren; Skinfolds; Percentiles



DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/%25x

The abbreviated title of the journal is Rev. Bras. Cineantropom. Desempenho Hum, which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references. E-ISSN 1980-0037, impressa ISSN 1415-8426, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.