Isokinetic force of under-twenties soccer players: comparison of players in different field positions

Luiz Fernando Goulart, Raphael Mendes Ritti Dias, Leandro Ricardo Altimari

Abstract


During a soccer match, countless movements involving muscular force are performed. While some studies have analyzed the force exerted by soccer players, their results have been divergent, particularly when force has been analyzed with respect to fi eld positions. The objective of this study was to compare peak torque, total muscular work, maximum power and isokinetic fatigue index of the knee fl exor and extensor muscles of soccer players in a variety of fi eld positions. Seventy-eight under-twenty soccer players were classifi ed according to the position they play: goalkeepers (n=7), full backs (n=14), wingers (n=16), defensive midfi elders (n=11), center midfi elders (n=14) and forwards (n=16). The concentric isokinetic force of knee fl exor and extensor muscles was evaluated using an isokinetic dynamometer, Cybex® brand Norm™ 6000 model (CSMI, USA). Data was analyzed in terms of non-parametric statistics and results expressed in medians and semi-interquartile range. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied and when results were signifi cant to p<0.05, the Mann-Whitney U test was used. Full backs’ knee fl exor muscles exhibited lower peak torque, total muscular work and maximum power, when compared with the other positions, and defensive midfi elders’ fl exor muscles had a greater fatigue index than the forwards’. Goalkeepers’ knee extensor muscles exerted lower peak torque and had a higher fatigue index, when compared to results for the other positions. The results of this study indicate that there are differences in strength between players of different positions, especially full backs, defensive midfi elders and goalkeepers. This suggests that the soccer players’ field positions have an infl uence on their levels of isokinetic force.

Keywords


Força muscular; Fadiga; Dinamômetro de Força Muscular. <p> Muscle strenght; Fatigue; Muscle Strenght Dynamometer.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/%25x

The abbreviated title of the journal is Rev. Bras. Cineantropom. Desempenho Hum, which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references. E-ISSN 1980-0037, impressa ISSN 1415-8426, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.