Strength resistance test of superior members for elderly people: comparison between dumbbells with different weights

Lucélia Justino Borges, Adilson Santana Cardoso, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Giovana Zapellon Mazo, Marize Amorim Lopes, Adriano Ferreti Borgatto


The aim of the study was to compare the performance of elderly people in the strength resistance test of superior members (SRTSM) with dumbbells of different weights (1,8 kg and 2 kg for women and 3,6 kg and 4 kg for men). The sample consisted of 407 elderly (349 feminine and 58 masculine), with age of 60 to 88 years, practitioners of physical exercise for at least six months. The used instrument was the SRTSM of the battery of tests American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD). Two executions of the test were carried through with dumbbells of different weights, SRTSM (1,8 kg and 3,6 kg) and “adjusted” SRTSM (2 kg and 4 kg). For the analysis of the data, it was proceeded descriptive analysis, test t of Student for independent samples, paired t test for dependent samples and ANOVA with post-hoc of Tukey, adopting itself the 5% level significance. The results demonstrated that the use of dumbbells with 4 weights of 2 and kg, seem not to affect the performance of the elderly ones, mainly of the masculine sex. For the feminine sex significant difference in the averages of the second comparison carried through for the sort was detected. However, this difference can have been resulting from external factors to the test, since, the greater average obtained was for “the adjusted” SRTSM. Nevertheless, one tries to facilitate even more the evaluation of the functional capacity of the elderly population, being recommended for SRTSM the use of dumbbells with weight of 2 kg for women and 4kg for men that they are of low cost, easy acquisition and access in the Brazilian market.


Idoso; Resistência de força; Avaliação; Testes de aptidão; Atividade física; Elderly; Strength resistance; Evaluation; Aptitude Tests; Motor activity.


The abbreviated title of the journal is Rev. Bras. Cineantropom. Desempenho Hum, which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references. E-ISSN 1980-0037, impressa ISSN 1415-8426, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.