The Influence of Different Performance Level of Fencers on Simple and Choice Reaction Time

Štefan Balkó, Zbigniev Borysiuk, Jaromír Šimonek

Abstract


In many sport disciplines reaction time plays a key role in the sport performance. It is good to point out for example ball games or fighting sports (fencing, karate etc.). The research is focused on detection of the differences in the simple and choice reaction time during visual stimulation among elite, sub-elite fencers and beginners. For the measurement a Fitrosword device and the SWORD software were used. An additional stimulus was added during measuring which should increase the overall number of stimuli, but shouldn’t force fencer to any reaction whatsoever. The results from presented study can be compared with Hicks law. The next focus of the study was to identify the difference in reaction time during two different movement tasks with different complexity movement requirements. The research was built up on a hypothesis that the results will differ among different performance groups of fencers. The difference however was overt among beginners and elite fencers (p = 0.0088, d = 0.5) in reaction time during different movement tasks (direct hit vs. lunge). The results of this research could be useful to trainers for training process organisation and increase the effectivity of muscle coordination during several movements in fencing.


Keywords


Fencing; Visual stimulus; Reaction time; Additional stimulus; Hicks law

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2016v18n4p391

The abbreviated title of the journal is Rev. Bras. Cineantropom. Desempenho Hum, which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references. E-ISSN 1980-0037, impressa ISSN 1415-8426, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.