Informação incorreta, desinformação e má informação: Esclarecendo definições e exemplos em tempos de desinfodemia

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/1518-2924.2021.e76900

Palavras-chave:

Informação incorreta, Desinformação, Má informação, Desinfodemia, Infodemia, Intencionalidade

Resumo

Objetivo: Descreve e analisa as incidências teórico-práticas da informação incorreta (misinformation), desinformação (disinformation) e má informação (malinformation), incluindo, mas não se limitando ao arcabouço da Ciência da Informação. Além disso, objetiva delinear uma compreensão desses três conceitos a partir de 16 arranjos interligados de acordo com sua intencionalidade.

Método: Para construir discursos e descrição do fenômeno da desinformação e suas derivações, aplicamos a hermenêutica, a retórica e os princípios fenomenológicos da intencionalidade como métodos de trabalho.

Resultados: Como resultados, apresentamos 14 incidências teóricas com o objetivo de esclarecer esses três conceitos, além de delinear e caracterizar, de acordo com a intencionalidade, 16 arranjos de desinformação associados a esses três conceitos, sendo eles: viés de confirmação, propaganda, artigos retratados, teorias da conspiração, representação enganosa em mapas, quadros e gráficos, notícias falsas, caça-cliques, trote, sátira ou paródia, website impostor, revisões falsas, phishing, filtros-bolha e câmaras de eco.

Conclusões: Destaca-se a complexidade que permeia os vários campos da conjuntura atual relacionada à dificuldade de um consenso sobre a definição semântica dos conceitos de informação, desinformação e suas desambiguações, uma vez que estes conceitos também possuem inúmeras propriedades

Biografia do Autor

Karen Santos-d'Amorim, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência da Informação (PPGCI-UFPE).

Karen Santos-d'Amorim é doutoranda no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência da Informação da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) e membro do grupo de Pesquisa SCIENTIA (CNPq/UFPE).

Májory Fernandes de Oliveira Miranda, Professora adjunta na Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Departamento de Ciência da Informação, Recife, Brasil

Professora Adjunta, classe 3, do Dept. de Ciência da Informação da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) com atuação nas áreas de Epistemologia da CI; Produtos e Serviços de informação. Doutorado em Informação e Comunicação em Plataformas Digitais (2010) pela Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto (FLUP), Portugal. Bacharel em Biblioteconomia - Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (2004). Desenvolve projetos na área de Fundamentos de CI, Curadoria e Humanidades Digitais.

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Publicado

2021-03-16

Como Citar

Santos-d’Amorim, K., & Fernandes de Oliveira Miranda, M. (2021). Informação incorreta, desinformação e má informação: Esclarecendo definições e exemplos em tempos de desinfodemia. Encontros Bibli: Revista eletrônica De Biblioteconomia E Ciência Da informação, 26, 01-23. https://doi.org/10.5007/1518-2924.2021.e76900