Effects of water gymnastics on anthropometric variables of women aged 60 - 80 years

Gleci Lurdes Gubiani, Cândido Simões Pires Neto, Édio Luiz Petroski, Adair da Silva Lopes

Abstract


This study aimed to analyze the effects of eight months of water gymnastics on the anthropometric variables of women aged 60 - 80 years. The sample comprised formed by 62 women (Experimental Group, EG, n = 50; Control Group, CG, n = 12), who were measured for body mass (kg), stature (cm), circumferences in cm (arms, normal chest, abdomen waist, hip, mid-thigh and calf) and sum of skinfolds representing regional fat (trunk, limbs, central and peripheral), and total fat. The EG participated at all water activities for 32 weeks which, a total of 64 sessions, each lasting for about 45 min. Alpha level was set at p ≤ 0.05 for all comparisons. For pre-and-post test comparison of the EG, Student’s t test for dependent samples was used. The independent t test was used to compare both groups at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. According to the results the following can be stated: the water gymnastics program followed for 8 months, helped to statistically reduce body mass and body circumferences at waist, hip, mid-thigh and calf levels. Significant differences in the distribution of regional body fat and total fat were observed found (p ≤ 0.05) at trunk and limbs and in peripheral and total body fat.

Keywords


Hidroginástica; Antropometria; Distribuição de Gordura, Envelhecimento Humano; Water activities; Anthropometric; Distribuition fat; Aging



DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/%25x

The abbreviated title of the journal is Rev. Bras. Cineantropom. Desempenho Hum, which should be used in bibliographies, footnotes and bibliographical references. E-ISSN 1980-0037, impressa ISSN 1415-8426, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.