Duração do sono adequada entre crianças e adolescentes: revisão para o Report Card Brazil

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-0037.2021v23e82644

Resumo

Objetivou-se resumir os estudos existentes que examinaram a prevalência de duração adequada do sono ou atendimento às recomendações de sono entre crianças e adolescentes brasileiros. Uma revisão sistemática foi realizada em oito bases de dados. Os critérios de inclusão foram pesquisas originais, amostras incluindo crianças e adolescentes brasileiros (de 0 a 18 anos), estudos que relataram variáveis ​​relacionadas à duração do sono usando medidas objetivas ou subjetivas, pesquisas baseadas na escola ou na população com amostragem aleatória e transversal ou estudos de coorte. Dos 54 artigos incluídos, apenas 27 utilizaram dados de estudos diferentes. A maioria dos estudos foi realizada na região sul (n = 17), com apenas dois estudos tendo uma amostra representativa nacionalmente. Dois estudos incluíram crianças menores de cinco anos, e a faixa etária mais investigada foi de adolescentes (> 10 anos). A maioria dos estudos utilizou um questionário autorreferido e mostrou variabilidade no ponto de corte aplicado para a duração adequada do sono com a maioria relatada sendo ≥8 horas. A proporção de adolescentes que cumpriram as recomendações ou tiveram uma duração de sono adequada variou de 15% a 89%. Entre as crianças, a prevalência variou de 17% a 95%. A menor variabilidade foi observada entre as crianças, variando de 93% a 95%. Nenhuma diferença de gênero consistente foi observada entre os grupos. Observa-se que, pela ampla variabilidade de resultados e pela carência de dados com representatividade nacional, a prevalência de sono suficiente em jovens com menos de 18 anos permanece indefinida no Brasil.

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2021-12-09

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Artigos de Revisão