Indicadores físico-motores e habilidades específicas de jovens basquetebolistas após treinamento com periodização

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-0037.2021v23e82862

Resumo

O basquete é um esporte coletivo com padrões de movimentos curtos, de alta intensidade e com mudanças rápidas e frequentes de direção. Niveis elevados de força, agilidade e velocidade, além de habilidades técnicas específicas, são primordiais para uma boa performance em atletas desta modalidade. O objetivo do estudo foi verificar o efeito de uma periodização tradicional nos indicadores fisico-motores e nas habilidades técnicas em jovens basquetebolistas. Dezenove jovens basquetebolistas (idade: 15,4 ± 1,3 anos, estatura: 172,80 ± 7,90 cm), com pelo menos 12 meses de experiencia em treinamento, foram submetidos a uma periodização de 5 meses. Foram avaliados, nos momentos PRÉ e PÓS treinamento dois indicadores físico-motores (salto vertical com contramovimento (CMJ); e capacidade anaeróbica (Line Drill)) e duas habilidades técnicas específicas (Arremesso e Drible). Para testar o efeito do treinamento sobre as variáveis fisico-motoras e habilidades técnicas, foi utilizado o teste de t de Student pareado. Foi calculado o intervalo de confiança de 95% da média do ganho relativo (Δ%) em cada variável. O tamanho do efeito foi analisado pelo d de Cohen (p≤ 0.05). Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os momentos PRÉ e PÓS no CMJ (34,02 vs. 38,64 cm; p<0,001), no Line-Drill (33,20 vs. 31,73 s; p<0,001), no Drible (6,95 vs. 6,66 s; p<0,001) e no Arremesso (15,84 vs. 17,95 pts; p<0,001). Conclui-se que jovens basquetebolistas de nível escolar, submetidos a uma periodização do treinamento de 5 meses, melhoram a potência de membros inferiores, a capacidade anaeróbica e as habilidades de drible e arremesso.

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2021-12-09

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