Restrições aos alimentos ultraprocessados: desafios para observância dos compromissos da Organização Mundial do Comércio

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2021.e83028

Palavras-chave:

Direito à alimentação, Alimentos ultraprocessados, Sobrepeso e obesidade, Restrições comerciais OMC

Resumo

Os problemas de saúde, decorrentes da obesidade e do sobrepeso (DCNT), que atingem os países do mundo, impõem o desafio de aplicar diferentes medidas e restrições e, ao mesmo tempo, levantam a questão se essas medidas e restrições são compatíveis com a OMC e outros compromissos. Hoje em dia, as restrições comerciais não devem ser justificadas com base apenas no processo da indústria, mas sim nos ingredientes e na qualidade desses conteúdos alimentares, quando os ingredientes de nutrientes críticos excedem um limite saudável. A justificativa para as medidas restritivas do acordo SPS foi aplicada tanto em formatos de rotulagem de alimentos, quanto em outros formatos, para abordar NDCs e se restrições semelhantes podem ser aplicadas a alimentos ultraprocessados, como aquelas que foram aplicadas no passado para o consumo de tabaco, sem quebra de compromissos.

Biografia do Autor

Nicolas Cobo Romaní, Catholic University of Chile

Professor at School of Law at the Catholic University of Chile, Doctor of Law from the University of Salamanca and Master in International Trade from the University of Barcelona.

Fábio Lins de Lessa Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Alagoas - UFAL.

Professor at School of Law at the Federal University of Alagoas (Brazil), Doctor of Law from the University of Salamanca and Master in Public Law from the Federal University of Pernambuco.

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Publicado

2021-08-18