Noções sobre a leitura vista pela cognição

Autores

  • Maria Cristina Micelli Fonseca Universidade Federal do Ceará

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2020v40nesp2p125

Palavras-chave:

Reconhecimento Visual da Palavra, Leitura, Psicolinguística

Resumo

O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar a tradutores, professores universitários, assim como para graduandos e graduados como o cérebro trabalha permitindo-nos extrair significado de um conjunto de letras sendo focadas pela fóvea sob o foco atencional: ler. A fim de iniciar os novatos a esse tópico, a introdução explica a relevância do assunto fornecendo dados do analfabetismo funcional no Brasil. Em seguida, descreve-se de forma resumida o rastreador ocular como ferramenta para medir as latências
e mostrar as fixações dos olhos enquanto lemos. Logo após, são apresentadas as partes dos olhos ligadas à leitura. Finalmente, é exposto o processo de reconhecimento visual de uma palavra. Esses processos que são a base do mapeamento ortografia-som e ortografia-semântica, explicando que as palavras são decodificadas e analisadas em vários níveis. A relação funcional entre as variáveis ortográficas, fonológicas e semânticas são exploradas. Há um esforço de focar tanto no processamento interativo entre vários níveis, como na arquitetura e na dinâmica envolvida no reconhecimento visual da palavra.

Biografia do Autor

Maria Cristina Micelli Fonseca, Universidade Federal do Ceará

Investiga na área da linguagem no bilinguismo sob a ótica da cognição. Interessa-se por aquisição e processamento de L2, especialmente no que tange a língua e suas habilidades linguísticas no par L1/L2. Investiga, no momento, o Acesso Lexical e o Preview Benefit na leitura de monolíngues e bilíngues consecutivos, falantes do PB como L1, e inglês ou espanhol como L2.

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Publicado

2020-12-07