Raça como tecnologia


  • Nicholaos Jones The University of Alabama in Huntsville
  • Holly Jones Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina




Eyeborg, Haraway, Tecnologia Industrial, Humanismo, Hierarquia Racial


As tecnologias de Cyborg e próteses enquadram abordagens pós-humanistas proeminentes para entender a natureza da raça. Mas esses quadros lutam para acomodar os fenômenos da passagem racial e da estacionança racial, e sua orientação pós-humanista encobre distinções úteis entre os seres humanos racializados e seus contextos sociais. Defendemos, em vez disso, uma abordagem humanista da raça, entendendo a hierarquia racial como uma tecnologia industrial. Nossa abordagem acomoda a passagem racial e a estacionararia. Integra toda uma série de pesquisas em todas as disciplinas. Também é útil distinguir entre os motivos da racialização e condições que facilitam os impactos dessa racialização.

Biografia do Autor

Nicholaos Jones, The University of Alabama in Huntsville

Associate Professor of Philosophy at The University of Alabama in Huntsville. PhD. Research Areas: Philosophy of Science and Asian Philosophy 

Holly Jones, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Associate Professor of English at University of Alabama in Huntsville. PhD. Research Areas: Ethnic American Literature and Citizenship Studies. 


Alfaro, Arantxa, Ángela Bernabeu, Carlos Agulló, Jaime Parra, and Eduardo Fernándo. “Hearing Colors: An Example of Brain Plasticity.” Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 9, article 56, 2015.

Bashi, Vilna. “Racial Categories Matter Because Racial Hierarchies Matter: A Commentary.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 21, 5 (1998): 959-968.

Bashi, Vilna and Antonio McDaniel. “A Theory of Immigration and Racial Stratification.” Journal of Black Studies 27, 5 (1997): 668-682.

Benjamin, Ruha. “Catching Our Breath: Critical Race STS and the Carceral Imagination.” Engaging Science, Technology, and Society 2 (2016): 145-156.

______. "Innovating Inequality: If Race is a Technology, Postracialism is the Genius Bar." Ethnic and Racial Studies 39, 13 (2016): 2227-2234.

Braidotti, Rosi. The Posthuman. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2013.

______. “Posthuman, All Too Human: Towards a New Process Ontology.” Theory, Culture & Society 23, 7-8 (2006): 197-208.

Brooks, Dwight E. and Lisa P. Hebert. “Gender, Race, and Media Representation. The SAGE Handbook of Gender and Communication, ed. B.J. Dow and J.T. Wood. Sage, 2006. 297-317.

Césaire, Aimé. Discourse on Colonialism. Translated by Joan Pinkham. New York: Monthly Review Press, 2000.

Chun, Wendy Hui Kyong. “Introduction: Race and/as technology; or, How to Do Things with Race.” Camera Obscura 24, 1 (2009): 7-35.

Coleman, Beth. "Race as Technology." Camera Obscura 24, 1 (2009): 176-207.

Conley, Dalton. Being Black, Living in the Red: Race, Wealth, and Social Policy in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

De Lauretis, Teresa. Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film, and Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

Downey, Gary Lee, Joseph Dumit, and Sarah Williams. “Cyborg Anthropology.” Cultural Anthropology 10, 2 (1995): 264-269.

Edwards, Sue Bradford and Duchess Harris. Black Lives Matter. Minneapolis: Abdo Publishing, 2016.

Ellul, Jacques. The Technological Society. New York: Vintage Books, 1964.

Ferrando, Francesca. “Posthumanism, Transhumanism, Antihumanism, Metahumanism, and New Materialisms: Differences and Relations.” Existenz 28, 2 (2013): 26-32.

Fields, Barbara J. “Ideology and Race in American History.” J. Morgan Kousser and James M. McPherson, eds. Region, Race, and Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of C. Vann Woodward. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. 143-177.

Fields, Karen E. and Barbara J. Fields. Racecraft: The Soul of Inequality in American Life. New York: Verso, 2010.

Foucault, Michel. “Technologies of the Self.”. Ethics: Subjectivity and Truth. Paul Rabinow, ed. New York: The New Press, 1997. 223-228.

Gill-Peterson, Julian. "The Technical Capacities of the Body: Assembling Race, Technology, and Transgender." TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly 1, 3 (2014): 402-418.

Ginsberg, Elaine, ed. Passing and the Fictions of Identity. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.

Goldberg, David Theo. Are We All Postracial Yet? Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2015.

Gordon, Lewis. “African-American Philosophy: Theory, Politics, and Pedagogy.” Philosophy of Education 1998, 1998, pp. 39-46. http://ojs.ed.uiuc.edu/index.php/pes/article/view/2082/777 (accessed 2 May 2017).

Griffith, Aaron M. “Social Construction and Grounding.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, forthcoming.

Haney-Lopez, Ian F. “The Social Construction of Race: Some Observations on Illusion, Fabrication, and Choice.” Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 29 (1994): 1-62.

Haraway, Donna J. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991.

Harvey, Jean. Civilized Oppression. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1999.

Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Jackson, Zakiyyah Iman. “Animal: New Directions in the Theorization of Race and Posthumanism.” Feminist Studies 39, 3 (2013): 669-685.

______. “Outer Worlds: The Persistence of Race in Movement ‘Beyond the Human,.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 21, 2-3 (2015): 215-218.

Kennedy, Randall. “Racial Passing.” Ohio State Law Journal 62 (2001): 1145-1173.

Kroeger, Brooke. Passing: When People Can’t Be Who They Are. New York: Public Affairs, 2004.

Kull, Anne. “The Cyborg as an Interpretation of Culture-Nature.” Zygon 36,1 (2001): 49-56.

Machery, Edouard and Luc Faucher. “Social Construction and the Concept of Race.” Philosophy of Science72, 5 (2005): 1208-1219.

Magee, Joe C. and Adam D. Galinsky. “Social Hierarchy: The Self-Reinforcing Nature of Power and Status.” The Academy of Management Annals 2, 1 (2008): 351-398.

Mahtani, Minelle. “Representing Minorities: Canadian Media and Minority Identities.” Canadian Ethnic Studies 33, 3 (2001): 99-133.

Mallon, Ron. “Passing, Traveling, and Reality: Social Constructionism and the Metaphysics of Race.” Nous 38, 4 (2004): 644-673.

Mills, Charles W. Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Neville, Helen A., Miguel E. Gallardo, and Derald Wing Sue (eds.). The Myth of Racial Color Blindness: Manifestations, Dynamics, and Impact. Washington, D.C.: APA Press, 2016.

Pearlman, Ellen. “I, Cyborg.” PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art 37, 2 (2015): 84-90.

Pearson, Greg and A. Thomas Young, eds. Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More about Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2002.

Puar, Jasbir K. "'I would rather be a cyborg than a goddess:" Becoming-Intersectional in Assemblage Theory." philoSOPHIA 2, 1 (2012): 49-66.

Reardon, Jenny. Race to the Finish: Identity and Governance in the Age of Genomics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Rhee, Margaret. "In Search of My Robot: Race, Technology, and the Asian American Body." Scholar & Feminist Online 13, 3 (2016). http://sfonline.barnard.edu/traversing-technologies/margaret-rhee-in-search-of-my-robot-race-technology-and-the-asian-american-body/0/ (accessed 2 May 2017).

Root, Michael. “How We Divide the World.” Philosophy of Social Science 67 (2000): 628-639.

Roth, Philip. The Human Stain. New York: Vintage Books, 2000.

Sandoval, Chela. “New Sciences: Cyborg Feminism and the Methodology of the Oppressed.” The Cyborg Handbook. Chris H. Gray, Heidi J. Figueroa-Sarriera, and Steven Mentor, eds. New York: Routledge, (1995): 407-422.

Santos, Ricardo Ventura, Peter H. Fry, Simone Montiero, Marcos Chor Maio, José Carlos Rodrigues, Luciana Bastos-Rodrigues, and Sérgio D.J. Pena. "Color, Race, and Genomic Ancestry in Brazil: Dialogues between Anthropology and Genetics." Current Anthropology 50, 6 (2009): 787-819.

Schueller, Malini Johar. “Analogy and (White) Feminist Theory: Thinking Race and the Color of the Cyborg Body.” Signs 31, 1 (2005): 63-92.

Sheth, Falguni. "The Technology of Race." Radical Philosophy Review, vol. 7, no. 1, 2004, pp.77-98.

Sheth, Falguni A. Toward a Political Philosophy of Race. Albany: SUNY Press, 2009.

Sinclair, Bruce, ed. Technology and the African-American Experience: Needs and Opportunities for Study. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004.

Song, Miri. “Racial Hierarchies in the USA and Britain: Investigating a Politically Sensitive Issue.” Researching Race and Racism. .” Martin Bulmer and John Solomos, eds. New York: Routledge, (2004): 172-186.

Thweatt-Bates, Jeanine. Cyborg Selves: A Theological Anthropology of the Posthuman. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012.

Vogel, Todd. Rewriting White: Race, Class, and Cultural Capital in Nineteenth-Century America. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2004.

Wilkerson, Abby. “Ending at the Skin: Sexuality and Race in Feminist Theorizing.” Hypatia 12, 3 (1997): 164-173.