Film narratives crossing time and space in the Americas: a comparative perspective os La Jaula de Oro (2013) and El Norte (1983); Rio (2011) and The Three Caballeros (1944)




film studies, inter-American studies, comparative studies


The essay discusses how frequent migratory currents of certain narratives and ideas within the Americas have formed clusters of knowledge and stimulated audiences’ imagination about specific cultures or nations. The essay presents the process of narrative continuity and displacement in recent films about immigration and travel within the Americas, as they can be read in relation to earlier films on the same theme, La Jaula de Oro (Diego Queimada-Díez, 2013) vis à vis El Norte (Gregory Nava, 1983), and  Rio (Carlos Saldanha, 2011) vis à vis The Three Caballeros (Walt Disney, 1944). La Jaula de Oro presents the same border crossing as  El Norte, from Guatemala to Mexico to the USA, but thirty years apart, whereas in Rio the contemporary narrative of a migrating little blue macaw, Blu, who moves from the USA to Brazil, readdresses another culturally and politically invested symbolic icon from the mid-1940s and the good neighbor policy—a parrot named José Carioca, whose role in The Three Caballeros goes much beyond the frames of the film. The essay aims at an analysis of the narrative and aesthetic frameworks of the films and their ideological resonances and displacements in terms of  American hemispheric relations.

Biografia do Autor

Anelise Reich Corseuil, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Mais informações: Currículo Lattes - CNPq.


Almeida, Sandra Regina G., “Untouchable Bodies: Arhundati Roy’s Corporeal Transgressions.” Ilha do Desterro, no. 42 Jan./Jul., 2002, pp. 257–274.

Appadurai, Arjun. Modernity at large: cultural dimensions of globalization. U of Minnesotta P, 1996.

Burton-Carvajal, Julianne. “Don (Juanito) Duck and the Imperial- Patriarchal Unconscious: Disney Studios, the Good Neighbor Policy, and the Packaging of Latin America.” Nationalisms and Sexualities, edited by Andrew Parker et al., Routledge, 1992.

Clifford, James. “Traveling Cultures.” Cultural Studies, edited by Lawrence Grossberg, Cary Nelson and Paula Treichler, Routledge, 1992.

Clifford, James. Routes: Travels and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century, Harvard UP, 1997. El Norte. Directed by Gregory Nava, American Playhouse, 1983.

Franco, Jean. The Decline and Fall of the Lettered City: Latin America in the Cold War, Harvard UP, 2001.

Gatti, Maria Girardello. Nas entrelinhas da boa vizinhança: literatura e política na trajetória de Erico Veríssimo entre Brasil e Estados Unidos (1941-1945). Tese de mestrado. Programa de Pós-Graduação em História. UFSC, 2013.

Gibbs, Wolcott. The Three Caballeros. New Yorker, February 10, 1945. Access in March 2, 2018.

Goldman, Karen S. “Saludos Amigos and The Three Caballeros: The representation of Latin America in Disney’s ‘Good Neighbor’ Films’.” Diversity in Disney Films: Critical Essays on Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Sexuality and Disability, edited by Johnson Cheu. McFarland and Company, Incorporated Publishers, 2014.

Kaplan, Caren. Questions of Travel: Postmodern Discourses of Displacement. 3rd ed., Duke UP, 2000.

Kaufman, J.B. South of the Border with Disney: Walt Disney and the Good Neighbor Program, 1941–1948, Disney Editions, 2009.

La Jaula de Oro. Directed by Diego Quemada-Díez, Animal de Luz Films, 2013. Los Tres Caballeros. Directed by Norman Fergunson, Clyde Geronimi, Jack Kinney, Bill Roberts, Harold Young. Walt Disney Production, 1944.

Maciel, David R.. El Norte: The US-Mexican border in contemporary cinema, Border Studies Series. General Editor Paul Ganste, San Diego State UP, 1990.

Melgosa, Adrián Perez. Cinema and Inter-American Relations: Tracking transnational affect. Routledge, 2012.

Rio. Directed Carlos Saldanha, Blue Sky Studios, 2011.

Sadlier, Darlene J. Americans All: Good Neighbor Cultural Diplomacy in World War II, University of Texas Press, 2012.

Wasserman, Renata. Exotic Nations: Literature and Cultural Identities in the United States and Brazil. 1830-1930. Cronell UP, 1994.

Wasserman, Renata; Corseuil, Anelise R. “Traveling Cannibals.” CUALLI, vol. 1, 2013, pp. 209–232.