The effect of verbal agreement marking on the use of null and overt subjects: a quantitative study of first person singular in Brazilian Portuguese

Autores

  • Eduardo Correa Soares Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Departamento de Língua e Literatura Vernáculas Programa de Pós-Graduação em Linguística http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4526-3299
  • Philip H. Miller Université de Paris VII Denis Diderot (CLILLAC-ARP)
  • Barbara Hemforth Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) Université de Paris VII Denis Diderot (LLF)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/1984-8412.2019v16n1p3579

Palavras-chave:

Sujeitos Nulos, Paradigma Verbal, Ambiguidade, Resolução Anafórica

Resumo

Em um estudo de corpus e em dois experimentos de aceitabilidade, investigamos se existe uma preferência por sujeitos nulos ou pronominais com verbos ambíguos (sincréticos) ou exclusivos (não-ambíguos) no Português Brasileiro (PB). A literatura propõe que o PB (i) está desativando o “Princípio Evitar Pronome” e (ii) é uma língua parcialmente “pro-drop”, cujos contextos morfossintáticos para sujeitos nulos são restritos. Nosso estudo de corpus e os experimentos de aceitabilidade mostram que há um efeito do sincretismo de pessoas no paradigma verbal sobre a frequência relativa de sujeitos nulos e sobre a aceitabilidade de sentenças com sujeitos nulos na primeira pessoa do singular: há uma tendência a evitar ambiguidade para sujeitos nulos com formas verbais ambíguas, mas apenas em contextos em que há competição de antecedentes. Esses resultados são analisados à luz de uma teoria geral da resolução da anáfora (Ariel 1990, etc.), como resultado de um cálculo levando em conta a acessibilidade dos antecedentes potenciais e o custo da forma anafórica (ALMOR, 1996).

Biografia do Autor

Eduardo Correa Soares, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Departamento de Língua e Literatura Vernáculas Programa de Pós-Graduação em Linguística

É doutor em linguística teórica, automática e experimental pela Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, com tese preparada na Université Paris VII -- Denis Diderot (UP7/2017). É graduado em Licenciatura em Letras, com ênfase dupla em Português e Espanhol, na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS/2013). É mestre em Letras/Linguística, com ênfase na área de ''Teoria e Análise Linguística'', pela mesma universidade (UFRGS/2010). Atualmente, estuda fenômenos complexos da gramática, em especial, com ênfase em fenômenos de interface, como a análise da estrutura de argumentos dos verbos, problemas de referência nominal (pressuposição de existência, nomes massivos e contáveis, etc.) e anáforas discursivas (pronomes vs. nulos, clíticos vs. plenos). Entre os procedimentos metodológicos que utiliza, destacam-se a pesquisa de córpus, os experimentos psicolinguísticos (questionários, rastreamento ocular, eletroencefalograma) e as análises estatísticas.

Philip H. Miller, Université de Paris VII Denis Diderot (CLILLAC-ARP)

Professor of General and English Linguistics in the UFR d’Etudes Anglophones in the Université de Paris VII Denis Diderot. Member of the LabEx EFL (Empirical Foundations of Linguistics). He obtained his PhD degree in General Linguistics at the Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, the Netherlands, in 1991 and his Habilitation à diriger des recherches at the Université de Lille 3, in 1994. He is an expert in general linguistics, French syntax, English syntax, English grammar, theoretical syntax, syntax and semantics, syntax and discourse, syntax and morphology. 

Barbara Hemforth, Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) Université de Paris VII Denis Diderot (LLF)

Directrice de Recherche at the Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique works at the Laboratoire de Linguistique Formelle, Université de Paris Diderot. Member of the LabEx EFL (Empirical Foundations of Linguistics). She obtained her PhD at the University of Bochum, Germany, in 1991 and her Habilitation in Psychology and Cognitive Science at the University of Freiburg, Germany,  in 1999. She is an expert in Experimental Linguistics from a cross-linguistic perspective at the syntax/semantics/pragmatics interface.

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Publicado

2019-04-22