Estudo comparativo de bem estar profissional dos tradutores que trabalham para agências de tradução e dos freelancers

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2021.e76280

Palavras-chave:

Agência de Tradutores, Freelancers, Satisfação no Trabalho, Sociologia da Tradução, Psicologia do Tradutor

Resumo

Partindo da alteração do paradigma sociológico bem como do desafio contemporâneo de reumanizar os estudos de tradução, o artigo põe antropocentricamente em destaque os tradutores que trabalham para agências de tradução e os freelancers enquanto atores eminentes da prática da tradução. Na tentativa de realçá-los enquanto seres humanos dotados de opiniões e sentimentos no quadro duma realidade laboral nem sempre fácil, o artigo tem como objetivo comparar o bem-estar profissional dos tradutores que trabalham para agências de tradução e dos freelancers baseado nos quatro parâmetros do estatuto de Dam e Zethsen e nas variáveis psicológicas da felicidade no trabalho (HAW, happiness at work). O artigo descreve os resultados dum inquérito com base no questionário preenchido por 93 tradutores que trabalham para agências e 84 tradutores freelance na Eslováquia. As próprias perceções dos tradutores das variáveis selecionadas são confrontadas através das medidas de tendência central e  o seu perfil HAW resulta duma análise de correlação. Os resultados da análise sugerem que os tradutores de línguas pequenas estudados acusam níveis comparativamente elevados de bem-estar profissional embora apresentem ligeiras diferenças na felicidade ao nível de algumas das facetas. Apesar de ser inserida na realidade eslovaca das traduções, uma análise de bem-estar profissional dos tradutores revela importantes especificidades das pequenas identidades sociopsicológicas suscetíveis de contribuir para o enigma de investigação das particularidades do bem-estar profissional dos tradutores das grandes linguaculturas. O estudo aponta para o valor acrescentado da integração dos conhecimentos da psicologia na investigação sociológica dos estudos de tradução criando assim um espaço de reflexão comum.

Biografia do Autor

Klaudia Bednárová-Gibová, University of Presov

Klaudia B. Gibova is Associate Professor of Translation Studies at the University of Presov in Slovakia. She has published extensively on EU translation and translation techniques in (non-)literary translation. Her latest research interests include the sociology of translation. To date, as a researcher in the Humanities, she has authored 3 monographs on institutional translation (cf. e.g. Towards an Understanding of EU Translation, 2020), 3 textbooks and 46 academic papers as single author. She has given lectures in the UK, France, Poland, Greece and Finland. She is also a member of the European Society for Translation Studies (EST).

Mária Majherová, University of Presov

Maria Majherova is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Physics, Mathematics and Technics at the University of Presov in Slovakia. She teaches subjects such as Probability, Mathematical statistics, Biostatistics and Application of statistical methods in research. She has collaborated on a large number of studies in the humanities involving statistical processing of experimental data. 

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Publicado

2021-05-25