Paródia e a sequência do posto de gasolina em Romeu e Julieta, de William Shakespeare

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p177

Palavras-chave:

Shakespeare, Adaptação de Filme, Paródia, Luhrmann, Pós-modernismo

Resumo

O filme de 1996 de Baz Luhrmann, Romeu e Julieta de William Shakespeare, é uma adaptação pop da peça do final do século XVI. As referências cruzadas e transgressões das alusões e sua afirmação subversiva pós-moderna, juntamente com a extrema intensidade com que esses elementos aparecem no ato um, cena um, e especialmente na cena colocada em um posto de gasolina, produzem uma ironia autodirigida em uma combinação de referências que define o filme como paródia no sentido pós-moderno. Assim, este artigo examina o primeiro ato, com uma atenção especial à sequência de postos de gasolina, e analisa-o à luz das definições acadêmicas da paródia pós-moderna por Linda Hutcheon, John W. Duvall e Douglas Lanier e de pastiche por Fredric Jameson . Uma vez estabelecida a hipótese da paródia, o artigo analisa o que o filme parodia, de que maneira, e qual são o objetivo e o impacto do humor aplicado.

Biografia do Autor

Avital G. Cykman, Federal University of Santa Catarina

Avital G.Cykman is a PhD candidate at the Federal University of Santa Catarina. Her work about feminist postmodernism in Margaret Atwood’s novel Cat’s Eye won first place in the graduate essay contest category in Margaret Atwood Society Awards and was published in the Margaret Atwood Society Magazine, Canada. Her article about anger in Margaret Atwood’s novel The Handsmaid’s Tale has been published in Arthemis, an interdisciplinary magazine for research in gender, feminism, and sexuality. Her fiction book Life In, Life Out was published in the USA in 2014 to a favorable critical review. Her research interests include corporeality, gender, minorities, trauma and creative writing.  Email: avital.gc@gmail.com.

Referências

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Anderegg, Michael. “James Dean Meets the Pirate’s Daughter: Passion and Parody in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and Shakespeare in Love.” Shakespeare, the Movie, II: Popularizing the Plays on Film, TV, Video, and DVD. Ed. Richard Burt and Lynda E. Boose. London: Routledge, 2003. <http://www.enl.auth.gr/gramma/current/georgopoulou.pdf>

Aristotle. Poetics. Greece, 350 B.C.E. Translator: S. H. Butcher. <http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/poetics.1.1.html>

Duvall, John W. Ed. productive postmodernism. Consuming Histories and Cultural Studies. Albany: University of New York Press, 2002

Gyde, Richard. “Baz Luhrman’s William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet - a Review.” Shakespeare Online, 1997 < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/essays/RJG.html >

Hutcheon, Linda. The Politics of Postmodernism. London & New York: Routledge, 1989.

Johnston, Ian. “A Brief Introduction to Restoration and Eighteenth Century Satire.” Lecture. Malaspina University, Vancouver Island University, Vancouver 1998. <http://records.viu.ca/~johnstoi/eng200/satire3.htm>

Lanier, Douglas. “Will of the People: Recent Shakespeare Film Parody and the Politics of Popularization.” A Concise Companion to Shakespeare on Screen. Ed. Diana E. Henderson. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2006.

Luhrmann, Baz. In the Director’s Chair, Jason Solomon’s interviews. Guardian, 2009. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/baz-luhrmann>

Luhrmann, Baz. Interview with Geoff Andrew. Guardian. 7 Sep 2001. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2001/sep/07/1>

O. Dir. Tim Blake Nelson. Perf. Mekhi Phifer, Josh Hartnett, Andrew Keegan, Julia Stiles. Chickie the Cop, Daniel Fried Productions, 2001

Shakespeare, William, Baz Luhrmann, Craig Pearce, John Bettenbender, John. The Contemporary Film - The Classic Play - Romeo & Juliet. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell, 1996.

Shakespeare, William. “Romeo and Juliet.” The Arden edition of the works of William Shakespeare. Ed. Brian Gibbons. London: Routledge (1996 ed.)

Swift, Jonathan. A Tale of a Tub and Other Works. London, 1704. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (2010 ed.)

Tatspaugh, Patricia. “The Tragedy of Love on Film.” The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare Film. Ed. Russel Jackson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000

William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. Dir. Baz Luhrmann. Perf. Leonardo DiCaprio, Claire Danes, Paul Sorvino. Twentieth Century Fox, 1996.

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Publicado

2017-01-27

Edição

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