Produção de conhecimento e trabalho forçado: o trabalho intelectual e os mundos dos mitayos andinos no período colonial tardio.

Autores

  • Allison Bigelow University of Virginia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5007/1984-9222.2023.e95228

Palavras-chave:

Mineração, História do Trabalho, História da Ciência, época colonial, Andes

Resumo

O presente artigo aborda a minerac?a?o de prata nos Andes na e?poca colonial e tem como objetivo proporcionar um dia?logo entre duas a?reas que te?m se desenvolvido separadamente: a Histo?ria das Cie?ncias e a Histo?ria do Trabalho. Assim, pretende reavaliar o atual consenso historiogra?fico sobre a excele?ncia te?cnica da ma?o de obra mingada e yanacono (trabalhadores assalariados) e a quase total escassez de habilidades e conhecimentos dos mitayos, trabalhadores forc?ados. Por meio da ana?lise lingui?stica e de estudos de casos juri?dicos, o artigo documenta como os mineradores ocupavam va?rias posic?o?es te?cnicas nas minas e como os mesmos mitayos, mingas e yanaconas mudavam de estatuto, oascilando entre categorias e posic?o?es laborais. Dessa maneira, conclui-se que categorias tradicionais como sala?rio e habilidade te?cnica sa?o inadequadas para entender as experie?ncias e os saberes dos trabalhadores em economias extrativistas altamente coercitivas como a minerac?a?o colonial.

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Publicado

2023-10-26

Como Citar

BIGELOW, Allison. Produção de conhecimento e trabalho forçado: o trabalho intelectual e os mundos dos mitayos andinos no período colonial tardio. Revista Mundos do Trabalho, Florianópolis, v. 15, p. 1–21, 2023. DOI: 10.5007/1984-9222.2023.e95228. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/mundosdotrabalho/article/view/95228. Acesso em: 28 maio. 2024.

Edição

Seção

Dossiê: Vivendo nas minas: mineração e mundos do trabalho nos séculos XV-XVIII

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